We investigated the influence of aging on the group III/IV muscle afferents in the exercise pressor reflex-mediated cardiovascular response to rhythmic exercise. Nine old (OLD; 68±2 years) and 9 young (YNG; 24±2 years) males performed single-leg knee-extensor exercise (15W, 30W, 80%max) under control-conditions and with lumbar intrathecal fentanyl impairing feedback from group III/IV leg muscle afferents. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac-output, leg blood flow (QL), systemic (SVC) and leg vascular conductance (LVC) were continuously determined. With no hemodynamic effect at rest, fentanyl-blockade during exercise attenuated both cardiac-output and QL ~17% in YNG, while the decrease in cardiac-output in OLD (~5%) was significantly smaller with no impact on QL (P=0.8). Therefore, in the face of similar significant ~7% reduction in MAP during exercise with fentanyl-blockade in both groups, LVC significantly increased ~11% in OLD, but decreased ~8% in YNG. The opposing direction of change was reflected in SVC with a significant ~5% increase in OLD and a ~12% decrease in YNG. Thus, while cardiac-output seems to account for the majority of group III/IV-mediated MAP responses in YNG, the impact of neural feedback on the heart may decrease with age and alterations in SVC become more prominent in mediating the similar exercise pressor reflex in OLD. Interestingly, in terms of peripheral hemodynamics, while group III/IV-mediated feedback plays a clear role in increasing LVC during exercise in the YNG, these afferents seem to actually reduce LVC in OLD. These peripheral findings may help explain the limited exercise-induced peripheral vasodilation often associated with aging.
|Titolo:||Aging alters muscle reflex control of autonomic cardiovascular responses to rhythmic contractions in humans|
|Parole Chiave:||afferent feedback; dynamic exercise; exercise pressor reflex|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-EDF/02 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Sportive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2015|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||18-set-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1152/ajpheart.00433.2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|