Background: It is not clear whether cystic fibrosis (CF) airway inflammation is a consequence of bacterial infection or is intrinsically dysregulated. The aim of this study was to investigate IL-8 secretion and NF-κB activity in primary respiratory epithelial cells cultured from nasal polyps obtained from CF and non-CF subjects. Methods: NF-κB activity was studied by electrophoretic mobility-shift and quantitative colorimetric assays in nuclear extracts. Immunoreactive IL-8 levels were assessed by ELISA in cell culture supernatants. Both parameters were studied at baseline and following challenge with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or stimulation with pro-inflammatory cytokines. Results: Under basal conditions, CF cells presented a significant higher activity of NF-κB than non-CF cells (P = 0.0004). P. aeruginosa challenge and IL-1β/H2O2 co-stimulation caused four and two fold induction of NF-κB activity in non-CF and CF cells, respectively. IL-8 levels in unstimulated CF cells were significantly higher than in non-CF cells (P = 0.0025). Upon incubation with P. aeruginosa and IL-1β/H2O2, non-CF cells produced 6.3 times more IL-8 than unstimulated cells, whereas IL-8 secretion increased only of 1.4 times in CF cells. Conclusions: CF respiratory epithelial cells exhibit a basal dysregulated production of IL-8 that partially correlates to enhanced NF-κB activity. Our data corroborate the hypothesis of a basal exaggerated inflammatory response in the CF respiratory epithelium.
|Titolo:||Dysregulated interleukin-8 secretion and NF-kappaB activity in human cystic fibrosis nasal epithelial cells|
|Autori interni:||COLOMBO, CARLA (Penultimo)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jcf.2005.12.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|