We develop a model for a driven cell or artificial membrane in an electrolyte. The system is kept far from equilibrium by the application of a DC electric field or by concentration gradients, which causes ions to flow through specific ion-conducting units (representing pumps, channels or natural pores). We consider the case of planar geometry and Debye-Huckel regime, and obtain the membrane equation of motion within Stokes hydrodynamics. At steady state, the applied field causes an accumulation of charges close to the membrane, which, similarly to the equilibrium case, can be described with renormalized membrane tension and bending modulus. However, as opposed to the equilibrium situation, we find new terms in the membrane equation of motion, which arise specifically in the out-of-equilibrium case. We show that these terms lead in certain conditions to instabilities.

Fluctuations of a driven membrane in an electrolyte / D. Lacoste, M. Cosentino Lagomarsino, J.F. Joanny. - In: EUROPHYSICS LETTERS. - ISSN 0295-5075. - 77:1(2007), pp. 18006.18006-1-18006.18006-6.

Fluctuations of a driven membrane in an electrolyte

M. Cosentino Lagomarsino
Secondo
;
2007

Abstract

We develop a model for a driven cell or artificial membrane in an electrolyte. The system is kept far from equilibrium by the application of a DC electric field or by concentration gradients, which causes ions to flow through specific ion-conducting units (representing pumps, channels or natural pores). We consider the case of planar geometry and Debye-Huckel regime, and obtain the membrane equation of motion within Stokes hydrodynamics. At steady state, the applied field causes an accumulation of charges close to the membrane, which, similarly to the equilibrium case, can be described with renormalized membrane tension and bending modulus. However, as opposed to the equilibrium situation, we find new terms in the membrane equation of motion, which arise specifically in the out-of-equilibrium case. We show that these terms lead in certain conditions to instabilities.
biomembrane transport ; electrolytes ; hydrodynamics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/30925
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