Nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase-derived prostaglandins, such as prostacyclin (PGI2), are involved in vascular homeostasis. To better understand the reciprocal role of both NO and PGI2 on myocardial infarction in the rat, we have investigated the cardioprotective effect of nitro-naproxen, isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN), L-arginine, defibrotide and naproxen. In this study, male Wistar rats were treated orally once a day for 5 consecutive days with the compds. under investigation and then, under anesthesia, the animals were subjected to acute myocardial ischemia (30 min) and reperfusion (120 min). Systemic blood pressure, left ventricular pressure and related parameters of cardiac mechanics were recorded. Ventricular arrhythmias and infarct size of the left ventricular wall were also evaluated. Furthermore, cardiac myeloperoxidase (MPO) and plasma creatine phosphokinase (CPK) activities were detd. Defibrotide, nitro-naproxen, ISDN and L-arginine all provided a cardioprotection characterized by significant prevention of arrhythmias with high survival rate of the rats. Infarct size restriction was paralleled by redn. of both cardiac MPO and plasma CK. Cardioprotection of nitro-naproxen, ISDN and L-arginine involve nitrites/nitrates and PGI2-increased in the circulation assocd. to a redn. of thromboxane B2 (TXB2) in the blood. Defibrotide displays a cardioprotection by increasing PGI2 release and by reducing TXB2 in the blood. Naproxen was devoid a lower protecting activity on myocardial infarction, and PGI2 inhibition may have played a crit. role in this context. The results suggested that the increase of both NO and PGI2 brings about a cascade of integrated cellular and mol. events which are of paramount importance in prevention of myocardial ischemic insult.
Nitric oxide and prostacyclin pathways: an integrated mechanism that limits myocardial infarction progression in anesthetized rats / G. Rossoni, B. Manfredi, V. De Gennaro Colonna, A.T. Brini, G. Polvani, M.G. Clement, F. Berti. - In: PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1043-6618. - 53:4(2006 Apr), pp. 359-366.
|Titolo:||Nitric oxide and prostacyclin pathways: an integrated mechanism that limits myocardial infarction progression in anesthetized rats|
ROSSONI, GIUSEPPE BATTISTA (Primo)
MANFREDI, BARBARA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cardioprotection; Ischemia-reperfusion; Myocardial infarction; Nitric oxide; Prostacyclin|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria|
Settore MED/23 - Chirurgia Cardiaca
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2006.01.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|