Background: Growth impairment and bone toxicity due to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) fetal exposure has been described mainly in animals. We evaluated growth pattern and bone health in TDF-exposed HIV-uninfected children born to HIV-infected mothers, defined as seroreverters (SR). Methods: This was a multicentre observational cross-sectional cohort study enrolling 68 SR who were in utero exposed to an antiretroviral regimen including (TDF+) or not including (TDF-) tenofovir. Neonatal data and duration of antiretroviral exposure were recorded. At enrolment, anthropometric measures, tibial speed of sound (SOS) by quantitative ultrasound and several parameters of bone metabolism were assessed. Results: Gestational age and median in utero antiretroviral exposure were similar in subjects exposed to TDF (n=33) and those non-exposed (n=35). Age at enrolment was comparable in the two groups (TDF-exposed range 11.8-76.2 months and TDF non-exposed range 11.8-77.9 months). The incidence of low weight and length measurements (<10th percentiles) at birth was similar in TDF-exposed and TDF non-exposed. Normal growth development was found in both groups of subjects at enrolment. The median (0.6; range -2.4-2.6) SOS z-score of TDF-exposed was similar to the median (0.8; range -2.2-4.4) SOS z-score of TDF non-exposed (Student's t=0.84; P=0.40). Parameters of bone metabolism were similar in the two groups. Conclusions: Exposure to TDF during pregnancy does not impair growth patterns, bone health and markers of bone metabolism in SR infants and young children born to HIV-infected women.
|Titolo:||In utero exposure to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate does not impair growth and bone health in HIV-unifected children born to HIV-infected mothers|
|Parole Chiave:||pregnant-women; antiretroviral resistance; mineral density; macaca-mulatta; safety; combination; efficacy; therapy; adolescents; ultrasound|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3851/IMP1909|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|