Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is caused by Rickettsia conorii and transmitted by the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. It is prevalent in southern Europe, Africa and central Asia. The disease usually has a benign course and is characterized by fever, myalgia and a characteristic papular rash with an inoculation eschar ('tache noir') at the site of the tick bite. Severe forms of disease can have cardiac, neurologic or renal involvement. Nervous system complications are unusual and may develop in the early phase of disease or as a delayed complication. Neurological symptoms include headache and alterations of the level of consciousness, and some cases of meningoenchefalitis and Guillain-Barre syndrome have been also reported. Peripheral nerve involvement is reported only in a limited number of case reports. We describe a case of Rickettsia conorii that was complicated with hearing loss and did not respond to specific treatment. Hearing loss is a rare event, but clinicians should be aware of this complication.
Mediterranean spotted fever and hearing impairment : a rare complication / R. Rossio, V. Conalbi, V. Castagna, S. Recalcati, A. Torri, M. Coen, L.R. Cassulini, F. Peyvandi. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - ISSN 1201-9712. - 35(2015 Jun), pp. 34-36.
|Titolo:||Mediterranean spotted fever and hearing impairment : a rare complication|
ROSSIO, RAFFAELLA (Primo)
PAYVANDI, FLORA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Rickettsia conorii; Mediterranean spotted fever; Neurological complication; Hearing loss|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2015.04.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|