We investigated the transport systems that can sustain Na+ and Cl- movements across bovine gall bladder epithelium, focusing on the Na+-H+ exchanger (NHE) family and chloride conductive pathways. Experiments conducted using the fluorescent probe acridine orange (AO) with brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMV) or vesicles obtained from the total epithelium (EMV) demonstrated the presence of a Na+-H+ exchange in both preparations. The use of specific inhibitors indicated the presence of an apical NHE3 exchanger and a NHE1 isoform which should reside in the basolateral membrane. Using reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR, we identified cDNA fragments corresponding to the NHE1, NHE3, Cl--HCO3- (AE2a) transporters and to the CFTR channel. Using the patch-clamp technique, we investigated Cl- conductances on cultured epithelial cells. We found a 5 pS Cl- channel with a voltage-independent open probability, insensitive to stilbenes (SITS), Zn2+ and cAMP. The results suggest that absorption and secretion coexist in calf gall bladder epithelium. A Na+-H+-Cl--HCO3- double exchange may, at least partially, sustain the absorptive function, and a Cl- apical conductive pathway may be involved in secretion. The conductance we observed does not seem to be cAMP-regulated, unlike other mammalian gall bladders.
|Titolo:||The presence of NHE1 and NHE3 Na+-H+ exchangers and an apical cAMP-independent Cl- channel indicate that both absorptive and secretory functions are present in calf gall bladder epithelium|
BAZZINI, CLAUDIA (Primo)
BOTTA', GUIDO SILVIO GIUSEPPE (Secondo)
PAULMICHL, MARKUS (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|