AIMS: To confirm the prevalence of NOD2/CARD15 mutations in Italian inflammatory bowel disease patients and to define the role of the different mutations on Crohn's disease phenotype. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 177 patients with Crohn's disease and 92 patients with ulcerative colitis and 164 control participants were investigated for the presence of Arg702Trp, Gly908Arg and Leu1007fsinsC NOD2/CARD15 mutations.Allele frequencies in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients were compared with those observed in the control population. Genotype-phenotype correlations with the major clinical features were also established and estimated risks (odds ratio with 95% confidence interval) for the mutations were calculated by logistic regression and multiple correspondent analysis. RESULTS: Gly908Arg and Leu1007fsinsC mutations were significantly more frequent in Crohn's disease patients compared with healthy controls (P<0.01 and <0.003 respectively). Indeed, using a logistic regression model adding terms for age (differently distributed between cases and controls) and sex, a significantly increased risk of having Crohn's disease compared with healthy controls was found for all NOD2 mutations: Leu1007fsinsC (odds ratio=7.35; 95% confidence interval: 1.73-31.3), Gly908Arg (odds ratio=5.70; 95% confidence interval: 1.37-23.7) and Arg702Trp (odds ratio=2.45; 95% confidence interval: 1.10-5.47).As far as the genotype-phenotype correlations are concerned, by multivariate conditional logistic regression methods, we found a significant association between Gly908Arg mutations and familial history of inflammatory bowel disease, between Leu1007fsinsC mutations and appendectomy and between Arg702Trp mutations and fibrostenotic phenotype of Crohn's disease. A nonsignificant association between Arg702Trp variants and ileal disease was also found (odds ratio=8, 95% confidence interval: 0.99-64.9). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study confirm a significant association of CARD15 gene mutations in our Italian Crohn's disease population and the impact of different NOD2/CARD15 mutations on specific disease phenotypes.
|Titolo:||Association of NOD2/CARD15 mutations on Crohn's disease phenotype in an Italian population|
|Parole Chiave:||Crohn's disease; Genotype-phenotype correlation; NOD2/CARD15 mutations; Ulcerative colitis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata|
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/01.meg.0000250590.84102.12|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|