Background: Population-based reference intervals have very limited value for the interpretation of laboratory results when analytes display high biological individuality. In these cases, the longitudinal evaluation of individual results using the reference change value (RCV) is the recommended approach. However, the traditional model for RCV calculation requires a Gaussian frequency distribution of data and risks to overestimate the parameter if a correlation between within-subject serial measurements is present. Methods: We propose and validate an alternative nonparametric statistical model for interpretation of differences in serial results from an individual, overcoming data distribution and correlation issues. Results: After describing the traditional and newly proposed statistical models, we compared them with each other by a simulation on three specific analytes displaying different concentration distributions in biological setting. We demonstrated that when analyte concentrations followed a Gaussian frequency distribution, as in the case of glycated hemoglobin, both methods can be used equally. On the contrary, if analyte concentrations present a bimodal (e.g., chromogranin A) or skewed (e.g., C-reactive protein) distribution, the information obtained by two statistical methods is different. Conclusion: The proposed statistical approach may be more appropriate in assessing difference between serial measurements when individual data are not normally distributed.

A new robust statistical model for interpretation of differences in serial test results from an individual / F. Braga, S. Ferraro, F. Ieva, A.M. Paganoni, M. Panteghini. - In: CLINICAL CHEMISTRY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1434-6621. - 53:5(2015 Apr), pp. 815-822. [10.1515/cclm-2014-0893]

A new robust statistical model for interpretation of differences in serial test results from an individual.

F. Braga
Primo
;
S. Ferraro
Secondo
;
F. Ieva;M. Panteghini
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

Background: Population-based reference intervals have very limited value for the interpretation of laboratory results when analytes display high biological individuality. In these cases, the longitudinal evaluation of individual results using the reference change value (RCV) is the recommended approach. However, the traditional model for RCV calculation requires a Gaussian frequency distribution of data and risks to overestimate the parameter if a correlation between within-subject serial measurements is present. Methods: We propose and validate an alternative nonparametric statistical model for interpretation of differences in serial results from an individual, overcoming data distribution and correlation issues. Results: After describing the traditional and newly proposed statistical models, we compared them with each other by a simulation on three specific analytes displaying different concentration distributions in biological setting. We demonstrated that when analyte concentrations followed a Gaussian frequency distribution, as in the case of glycated hemoglobin, both methods can be used equally. On the contrary, if analyte concentrations present a bimodal (e.g., chromogranin A) or skewed (e.g., C-reactive protein) distribution, the information obtained by two statistical methods is different. Conclusion: The proposed statistical approach may be more appropriate in assessing difference between serial measurements when individual data are not normally distributed.
biological variability; laboratory tests; reference change value
Settore SECS-S/01 - Statistica
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/286506
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