We have previously demonstrated that the repeated intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) microinjection of interleukin-6 (IL-6) prevented the myelinolytic lesions of cobalamin-deficient (Cbl-D) central neuropathy [or subacute combined degeneration (SCD)] in totally gastrectomized (TGX) rats. We therefore hypothesized that cobalamin (Cbl) may actually regulate IL-6 levels in rat cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We measured IL-6 levels in the CSF of rats made Cbl-D by means of total gastrectomy (TG) or chronic feeding with a Cbl-D diet and killed at different times from the beginning of the experiment, and found that IL-6 levels significantly and progressively decreased over time. Chronic 2-month Cbl administration started 1 week after surgery prevented the decrease in IL-6 levels and, when it was started 2 months after surgery, it significantly increased IL-6 levels, but not to presurgical values. We also investigated whether IL-6 decrease might be ultimately due to the Cbl-deficiency-linked decrease in epidermal growth factor (EGF) synthesis. Repeated i.c.v. administrations of EGF to TGX rats did not modify CSF IL-6 levels. These results, together with those of a previous study showing the preventive effect of IL-6 treatment on SCD lesions, demonstrate that: (i) Cbl selectively regulates CSF IL-6 levels; and (ii) decreased IL-6 availability plays a role in the pathogenesis of the experimental SCD, in which no evidence of inflammatory and/or immunological reaction has been observed.
Cobalamin (vitamin B12) positively regulates interleukin-6 levels in rat cerebrospinal fluid / G. Scalabrino, M.M. Corsi Romanelli, D. Veber, F.R. Buccellato, G. Pravettoni, A. Manfridi, P. Magni. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0165-5728. - 127:1-2(2002 Jun), pp. 37-43.
|Titolo:||Cobalamin (vitamin B12) positively regulates interleukin-6 levels in rat cerebrospinal fluid|
SCALABRINO, GIUSEPPE (Corresponding)
CORSI ROMANELLI, MASSIMILIANO MARCO (Secondo)
MANFRIDI, ALFREDO (Penultimo)
MAGNI, PAOLO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cerebrospinal fluid; Cobalamin; Cobalamin deficiency; Interleukin-6; Subacute combined degeneration; Vitamin B12|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Settore MED/46 - Scienze Tecniche di Medicina di Laboratorio
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-5728(02)00095-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|