The techniques researched, developed and applied towards the measurement of radioisotope concentrations at ultra-low levels in the real-time solar neutrino experiment BOREXINO at Gran Sasso are presented and illustrated with specific results of widespread interest. We report the use of low-level germanium gamma spectrometry, low-level miniaturized gas proportional counters and low background scintillation detectors developed in solar neutrino research. Each now sets records in its field. We additionally describe our techniques of radiochemical ultra-pure, few atom manipulations and extractions. Forefront measurements also result from the powerful combination of neutron activation and low-level counting. Finally, with our techniques and commercially available mass spectrometry and atomic absorption spectroscopy, new low-level detection limits for isotopes of interest are obtained.
|Titolo:||Measurements of extremely low radioactivity levels in BOREXINO|
|Parole Chiave:||Solar neutrino ; radioactivity low level measurements ; BOREXINO|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare|
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0927-6505(01)00179-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|