Artemisinins are peroxidic antimalarial drugs known to be very potent but chemically highly unstable; they degrade in the presence of ferrous iron, Fe(II)-heme or biological reductants. Less documented is how this translates into chemical stability and antimalarial activity across a range of conditions applying to in vitro testing and clinical situations. Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) is studied here because it is both an antimalarial drug on its own and the main metabolite of other artemisinins. The behavior of DHA in PBS, plasma or erythrocytes lysate at different temperatures and pH ranges was examined. The antimalarial activity of the residual drug was evaluated using the chemosensitivity assay on P. falciparum, and the extent of decomposition of DHA was established through use of HPLC-ECD analysis. The role of the Fe(II)-heme was investigated by blocking its reactivity using carbon monoxide. A significant reduction in the antimalarial activity of DHA was seen after incubation in plasma and to a lesser extent in erythrocytes lysate: activity was reduced by half after 3 hours and almost completely abolished after 24 hours. Serum-enriched media also affected DHA activity. Effects were temperature and pH-dependent and paralleled the increased rate of decomposition of DHA from pH 7 upwards and in plasma. These results suggest that particular care should be taken in conducting and interpreting in vitro studies, prone as they are to experimental and drug storage conditions. Disorders such as fever, hemolysis or acidosis associated with malaria severity may contribute to artemisinins instability and reduce their clinical efficacy.
Stability of the antimalarial drug dihydroartemisinin in under physiologically-relevant conditions : implications for clinical treatment, pharmacokinetic and in vitro assays / S. Parapini, P. Olliaro, V. Navaratnam, D. Taramelli, N. Basilico. - In: ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 0066-4804. - 59:7(2015), pp. 4046-4052.
|Titolo:||Stability of the antimalarial drug dihydroartemisinin in under physiologically-relevant conditions : implications for clinical treatment, pharmacokinetic and in vitro assays|
PARAPINI, SILVIA (Primo)
TARAMELLI, DONATELLA (Penultimo)
BASILICO, NICOLETTA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||dihydroartemisinin; antimalarial; stability|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00183-15|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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