AmpC β-lactamase is a hydrolytic enzyme conferring resistance to β-lactam antibiotics in multiple Gram-negative bacteria. Therefore, identification of non-β-lactam compounds able to inhibit the enzyme is crucial for the development of novel antibacterial therapies. In general, AmpC inhibitors have to engage the highly solvent-exposed catalytic site of the enzyme. Therefore, understanding the implications of ligand–protein induced-fit and water-mediated interactions behind the inhibitor-enzyme recognition process is fundamental for undertaking structure-based drug design process. Here, we focus on boronic acids, a promising class of beta-lactamase covalent inhibitors. First, we optimized a docking protocol able to reproduce the experimentally determined binding mode of AmpC inhibitors bearing a boronic group. This goal was pursued (1) performing rigid and flexible docking calculations aiming to establish the role of the side chain conformations; and (2) investigating the role of specific water molecules in shaping the enzyme active site and mediating ligand protein interactions. Our calculations showed that some water molecules, conserved in the majority of the considered X-ray structures, are needed to correctly predict the binding pose of known covalent AmpC inhibitors. On this basis, we formalized our findings in a docking and scoring protocol that could be useful for the structure-based design of new boronic acid AmpC inhibitors.
|Titolo:||Covalent docking of selected boron-based serine beta-lactamase inhibitors|
GRAZIOSO, GIOVANNI (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||AmpC; Beta-lactamase; Boronic acids; Docking; GOLD5.2; Inhibitors; Drug Discovery3003 Pharmaceutical Science; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Computer Science Applications1707 Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10822-015-9834-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|