The activating protein 1 (AP-1) family of regulatory proteins is characterized as immediate-early inducible transcription factors which were shown to be activated by a variety of stress-related stimuli and to be involved in numerous biological processes, including cellular and viral gene expression, cell proliferation, differentiation, and tumorigenesis. We have recently demonstrated the involvement of the AP-1 family members c-Jun and c-Fos in transcriptional regulation of the human polyomavirus, JC virus (JCV), genome. Here, we further examined their role in JCV gene regulation and replication through their physical and functional interaction with JCV early regulatory protein large T antigen (T-Ag). Transfection and replication studies indicated that c-Jun and c-Fos can significantly diminish T-Ag-mediated JCV gene transcription and replication. Affinity chromatography and coimmunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that c-Jun and T-Ag physically interact with each other. Results from band shift assays showed that the binding efficiency of c-Jun to the AP-1 site was reduced in the presence of T-Ag. In addition, we have mapped, through the use of a series of deletion mutants, the regions of these proteins which are important for their interaction. While the c-Jun interaction domain of T-Ag is localized to the middle portion of the protein, the T-Ag interacting domain of c-Jun maps to its basic-DNA binding region. Results of transient-transfection assays with various c-Jun mutants and T-Ag expression constructs further confirm the specificity of the functional interaction between c-Jun and T-Ag. Taken together, these data demonstrate that immediate-early inducible transcription factors c-Jun and c-Fos physically and functionally interact with JCV major early regulatory protein large T-Ag and that this interaction modulates JCV transcription and replication in glial cells.
|Titolo:||Members of the AP-1 family, c-Jun and c-Fos, functionally interact with JC virus early regulatory protein large T antigen|
|Parole Chiave:||human glial-cells; progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy; human neurotropic virus; mammalian UV response; human polyomavirus; transcription factor; binding-protein; messenger-RNA; brain-tumors; DNA-binding|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1128/JVI.77.9.5241-5252.2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|