Molecular arrangement plays a role in the diffusion of water and solutes across soft contact lenses. In particular, the uptake of solutes in hydrated contact lenses can occur as long as free water is available for diffusion. In this work, we investigated the effect of mechanical vibrations of low frequency (200. Hz) on the solute uptake. Hyaluronan, a polysaccharide of ophthalmic use, was taken as example of solute of interest. For a specific water-hydrated hydrogel material, differential scanning calorimetry experiments showed that a large fraction of the hydration water accounted for loosely-bound water, both before and after one week of daily-wear of the lenses. The size (of the order of magnitude of few hundreds of nanometers) of hyaluronan in aqueous solution was found to be less than the size of the pores of the lens observed by scanning electron microscopy. However, solute uptake in already-hydrated lenses was negligible by simple immersion, while a significant increase occurred under mechanical vibrations of 200. Hz, thus providing experimental evidence of mechanically triggered enhanced solute uptake, which is attributed to the release of interfacial loosely-bound water. Also other materials were taken into consideration. However, the effectiveness of mechanical vibrations for hyaluronan uptake is restricted to lenses containing interfacial loosely-bound water. Indeed, loosely-bound water is expected to be bound to the polymer with bonding energies of the order of magnitude of 10-100. J/g, which are compatible with the energy input supplied by the vibrations.
|Titolo:||Mechanically triggered solute uptake in soft contact lenses|
|Parole Chiave:||Water/polymer interface; Contact lenses; Mechanical vibrations; Hyaluronan; Controlled release|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/05 - Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali Polimerici|
Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-giu-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.03.057|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|