Resveratrol (a naturally occurring phytoalexin found in grapes and wine) has cardiovascular protective effects that suggest the antiatherogenic (ie, antiinflammatory) activities of the compound on endothelial cells. OBJECTIVE: The antiinflammatory activity of resveratrol could be mediated by its interference with nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)-dependent transcription. Thus, we studied the in vitro influence of physiologic concentrations of resveratrol (<or= 1 micromol/L) on the NF-kappaB signaling pathway after tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulation of endothelial cells. DESIGN: The effects of a 30-min (acute) and an overnight incubation of resveratrol on the nuclear appearance of p50-NF-kappaB and p65-NF-kappaB on serine and tyrosine phosphorylation of the inhibitory subunit kappaB alpha (IkappaBalpha), cytoplasmic concentrations of IkappaBalpha, NF-kappaB phosphorylation or nitrosylation, the reduction of the mitotic inhibitor p21, and the activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha were evaluated. RESULTS: The nuclear appearance of p50-NFkappaB and p65-NFkappaB acutely induced by TNF-alpha was not modified by resveratrol but was increased after overnight incubation with resveratrol alone or in combination with TNF-alpha. Acute treatment with resveratrol did not modify TNF-alpha-induced cytoplasmic IkappaBalpha serine phosphorylation but did increase IkappaBalpha tyrosine phyophorylation. Resveratrol increased the tyrosine phosphorylation (but not nitrosylation) of immunoprecipitated NF-kappaB, did not decrease cellular p21, and did not increase peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha activity. CONCLUSIONS: Acute resveratrol treatment does not inhibit the nuclear appearance of NF-kappaB in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, but overnight treatment does. The increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha, p50-NF-kappaB, and p65-NF-kappaB suggests the involvement of such alterations in the modulation of NF-kappaB transcription activity.
|Titolo:||Different short- and long-term effects of resveratrol on nuclear factor-kappaB phosphorylation and nuclear appearance in human endothelial cells|
|Autori interni:||BERTELLI, ALBERTO|
FERRERO, MARIA ELENA
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|