Unmethylated CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODNs) are recognized as a 'danger signal' and are potent immunostimulators. To test whether tumors might be prevented by maintaining the innate immune system on continuous alert, proto-neu transgenic female mice, which develop spontaneous mammary tumors, were systemically treated with CpG-ODNs at 10-day intervals. Tumor incidence and number of tumors/mouse were significantly lower in treated mice compared with the control group. Moreover, CpG-ODN systemic treatment significantly reduced lung metastases induced by intravenous inoculation of N202.1A cells derived from a spontaneous mammary carcinoma. Growth of established tumors was modestly inhibited after CpG-ODN systemic treatment but strongly on peritumoral application. Our data indicate that systemic repeated injection of CpG-ODN to maintain the innate immune system on continuous alert prevents the onset of genetically determined tumors and confers tumor protection when the tumor load is low.
Prevention of spontaneous mammary adenocarcinoma in HER-2/neu transgenic mice by foreign DNA / L. Sfondrini, D. Besusso, C. Rumio, M. Rodolfo, S. Menard, A. Balsari. - In: THE FASEB JOURNAL. - ISSN 0892-6638. - 16:13(2002 Nov), pp. 1749-1754.
|Titolo:||Prevention of spontaneous mammary adenocarcinoma in HER-2/neu transgenic mice by foreign DNA|
SFONDRINI, LUCIA (Primo)
BALSARI, ANDREA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides; Danger signal; Innate immunity; Murine tumors|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.02-0383com|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|