All human GM3 synthase mRNA variants until now identified predict a protein of 362 amino acids having substrate activity highly restricted to lactosylceramide. In this report we describe the identification of a new GM3 synthase transcript containing an additional translation start codon, located upstream and in-frame with that up to now considered unique translation initiation site in the human GM3 synthase gene. In vitro expression studies showed that the new transcript produces a longer form of human GM3 synthase, that is efficiently translocated into the microsomal lumen and glycosylated. Moreover, stable cDNA transfection into mammalian cells gives rise to a threefold increase of GM3 synthase activity, associated to a broader substrate specificity. Although this transcript has been initially identified in the human placenta, RT-PCR analyses verified the expression of an identical mRNA also in undifferentiated HL60 cells, but not in the monocytic lineage. Altogether, these results are the first demonstration of the existence of a new isoform of human GM3 synthase, which could play an important role during HL60 cell differentiation. The functional relevance of the existence of two isoforms of GM3 synthase is also discussed

Human GM3 synthase: a new mRNA variant encodes an NH2-terminal extended form of the protein / Patrizia Berselli, Stefania Zava, Elena Sottocornola, Simona Milani, Bruno Berra, Irma Colombo. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA, N. GENE STRUCTURE AND EXPRESSION. - ISSN 0167-4781. - 1759:7(2006 Jul 21), pp. 348-358.

Human GM3 synthase: a new mRNA variant encodes an NH2-terminal extended form of the protein

Patrizia Berselli;Stefania Zava;Elena Sottocornola;Simona Milani;Bruno Berra;Irma Colombo
2006

Abstract

All human GM3 synthase mRNA variants until now identified predict a protein of 362 amino acids having substrate activity highly restricted to lactosylceramide. In this report we describe the identification of a new GM3 synthase transcript containing an additional translation start codon, located upstream and in-frame with that up to now considered unique translation initiation site in the human GM3 synthase gene. In vitro expression studies showed that the new transcript produces a longer form of human GM3 synthase, that is efficiently translocated into the microsomal lumen and glycosylated. Moreover, stable cDNA transfection into mammalian cells gives rise to a threefold increase of GM3 synthase activity, associated to a broader substrate specificity. Although this transcript has been initially identified in the human placenta, RT-PCR analyses verified the expression of an identical mRNA also in undifferentiated HL60 cells, but not in the monocytic lineage. Altogether, these results are the first demonstration of the existence of a new isoform of human GM3 synthase, which could play an important role during HL60 cell differentiation. The functional relevance of the existence of two isoforms of GM3 synthase is also discussed
GM3; GM3 synthase; HL60 cell differentiation; Human placenta; In vitro translation; Transcription
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
21-lug-2006
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/26189
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