Resveratrol protection on the main functions of purified rat brain mitochondria submitted to anoxia-reoxygenation was investigated. Resveratrol (<0.1 microM) reversed partly (23.3%) the respiratory control ratio (RCR) decrease by protecting both states 3 and 4. This effect was both observed when resveratrol was added before anoxia or reoxygenation. Resveratrol fully inhibited the release of cytochrome c in a concentration-dependent manner and significantly decreased the superoxide anion (O2(0-)) production at a concentration of 1 nM. The mitochondrial membranes damaged after the anoxia-reoxygenation were partly protected (about 70%) by resveratrol at 0.1 microM. The oxygen consumption of mitochondria in presence of NADH and cytochrome c was significantly inhibited by resveratrol with a low EC50 of 18.34 pM. Resveratrol inhibited the CCCP-induced uncoupling from about 20%. The effects of resveratrol on oxidative phosphorylation parameters were also investigated in rats after pretreatment (0.4, 2 and 10 mg/kg/day) for one week. After the isolation of brain mitochondria, the RCR was significantly less decreased in the resveratrol group compared to the control group. These results showed that resveratrol could preserve the mitochondrial functions with at least three mechanisms: antioxidant properties, action on complex III and a membrane stabilizing effect.
|Titolo:||Resveratrol-induced limitation of dysfunction of mitochondria isolated from rat brain in an anoxia-reoxygenation model|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-nov-2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0024-3205(02)02161-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|