Crohn's disease is a life-long inflammatory disease which can impair quality of life, in particular in patients with psychiatric co-morbidities such as depression and anxiety. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to assess the prevalence of depression and anxiety and related risk factors in patients with quiescent Crohn's disease. A consecutive series of adult patients with confirmed diagnosis of Crohn's disease, in clinical remission, were included and investigated during ambulatory visits using a standard questionnaire assessing demographic and clinical features of the disease. Within 1 month after the ambulatory visit, all patients were interviewed by phone to assess the presence of psychiatric disorders using standardized questionnaires. The questionnaire assessed the development of psychiatric disorders after the diagnosis of Crohn's disease, the use of antidepressant or antianxiety therapy and current anxiety or depression by means of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. One hundred and ninety-five patients were included. Seventy-two (36.9 %) patients showed anxiety and/or depression symptoms, 46 (23.6 %) patients showed anxiety symptoms, 6 (3.1 %) patients showed depression symptoms and 20 (10.3 %) patients showed both symptoms. Forty-eight of these patients (58 %) were without any antidepressive or antianxiety treatment. Anxiety with or without depression was significantly correlated with female sex (p = 0.017), history of perianal disease (p = 0.003) and perianal surgery (p = 0.042). Anxiety is a frequent, often untreated, condition in patient affected by Crohn's disease in clinical remission. Female sex, history of perianal disease and perianal surgery are major risk factors for anxiety.
Perianal disease is associated with psychiatric co-morbidity in Chron'S Disease in remission / G. Maconi, D. Gridavilla, C. Viganò, R. Scurti, A.K. Asthana, F. Furfaro, S. Ardizzone, G. Ba. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COLORECTAL DISEASE. - ISSN 0179-1958. - 29:10(2014), pp. 1285-1290.
|Titolo:||Perianal disease is associated with psychiatric co-morbidity in Chron'S Disease in remission|
MACONI, GIOVANNI (Primo)
GRIDAVILLA, DANIELE (Secondo)
BA, GABRIELLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Crohn's disease; Perianal fistula; Anxiety; Depression; inflammatory-bowel-disease; quality-of-life; hospital anxiety; depression scale; natural-history; recurrence; risk; symptoms; fistulas; surgery|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-014-1935-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|