We have studied the regulation of expression of the asparagine synthetase (AS) gene in ts11 cells, a mutant of BHK hamster cells which encodes a temperature-sensitive AS and therefore does not produce endogenous asparagine at 39.5°C. Incubation of ts11 cells at the nonpermissive temperature drastically increases the level of AS mRNA, and the stimulation of AS mRNA expression is effectively suppressed by the addition of asparagine to the medium. We show here that regulation of AS gene expression involves cis- acting elements which are contained in the mRNA as well as in the 5' genomic region. When a plasmid containing the human AS cDNA under the control of the human AS promoter region was stably transfected into ts11 cells, the expression of human AS RNAs was regulated as that of the endogenous hamster transcripts, indicating that this construct contained all cis elements necessary for regulation. Expression of the AS cDNA in ts11 cells under the control of a constitutive foreign promoter was also regulated by the concentration of asparagine, and this regulation required translation. When we introduced by mutagenesis a number of stop codons in the AS cDNA, the mutant mRNAs with short open reading frames were expressed at low levels that were not increased by asparagine deprivation. Inhibition of protein and RNA synthesis also prevented down-regulation of AS mRNA levels by high concentrations of asparagine. In a parallel series of experiments, we showed that an AS DNA fragment including the promoter and first exon can also regulate RNA expression in response to asparagine concentration. Furthermore, similar increases in the levels of AS RNAs are produced not only by asparagine deprivation in ts11 cells but also by deprivation of human and wild-type BHK cells of leucine, isoleucine, or glutamine. Thus, regulation of AS gene expression is a response to amino acid starvation through mechanisms which appear to involve both changes in RNA stability and changes in the rate of transcription initiation or elongation.

Regulation of asparagine synthetase gene expression by amino acid starvation / S.S. Gong, L. Guerrini, C. Basilico. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-7306. - 11:12(1991), pp. 6059-6066. [10.1128/MCB.11.12.6059]

Regulation of asparagine synthetase gene expression by amino acid starvation

L. Guerrini
Secondo
;
1991

Abstract

We have studied the regulation of expression of the asparagine synthetase (AS) gene in ts11 cells, a mutant of BHK hamster cells which encodes a temperature-sensitive AS and therefore does not produce endogenous asparagine at 39.5°C. Incubation of ts11 cells at the nonpermissive temperature drastically increases the level of AS mRNA, and the stimulation of AS mRNA expression is effectively suppressed by the addition of asparagine to the medium. We show here that regulation of AS gene expression involves cis- acting elements which are contained in the mRNA as well as in the 5' genomic region. When a plasmid containing the human AS cDNA under the control of the human AS promoter region was stably transfected into ts11 cells, the expression of human AS RNAs was regulated as that of the endogenous hamster transcripts, indicating that this construct contained all cis elements necessary for regulation. Expression of the AS cDNA in ts11 cells under the control of a constitutive foreign promoter was also regulated by the concentration of asparagine, and this regulation required translation. When we introduced by mutagenesis a number of stop codons in the AS cDNA, the mutant mRNAs with short open reading frames were expressed at low levels that were not increased by asparagine deprivation. Inhibition of protein and RNA synthesis also prevented down-regulation of AS mRNA levels by high concentrations of asparagine. In a parallel series of experiments, we showed that an AS DNA fragment including the promoter and first exon can also regulate RNA expression in response to asparagine concentration. Furthermore, similar increases in the levels of AS RNAs are produced not only by asparagine deprivation in ts11 cells but also by deprivation of human and wild-type BHK cells of leucine, isoleucine, or glutamine. Thus, regulation of AS gene expression is a response to amino acid starvation through mechanisms which appear to involve both changes in RNA stability and changes in the rate of transcription initiation or elongation.
Cell Biology; Genetics; Molecular Biology
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/254488
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