Background: The reported mean concentration of glutathione disulfide (GSSG) in human blood/erythrocytes varies widely (1 to >500 mumol/L), as does that of reduced glutathione (GSH) to a lesser extent. We have identified and investigated possible pitfalls in measurement of both GSH and GSSG. Methods: We measured GSH and GSSG using a spectrophotometer with a modification of the GSH recycling method; the same samples were also measured by reversed-phase HPLC after derivatization of thiols (dithiothreitol was used to reduce disulfides) with monobromobimane. The thiol-bimane adduct was measured by a fluorescence detector. Results: Measured GSH/GSSG concentrations were affected by the following: (a) oxidation of thiols in acidified samples; (b) oxidation after restoring neutral-alkaline pH; (c) oxidation during acid deproteinization; (d) shift in the GSH/GSSG equilibrium because of irreversible blocking of free thiols; and (e) reaction of electrophiles with amino groups. In particular, oxidation during sample deproteinization with acid influenced and produced artifacts (30-150 mumol/L GSSG was produced by this procedure); this phenomenon was directly correlated with the presence of oxygenated hemoglobin, being minimized by both oxygen deprivation and incubation in an atmosphere of 5% carbon monoxide. Conclusions: GSSG is present in healthy human blood at low concentrations (2-6 mumol/L), and most published data on GSSG may be affected by artifacts.
|Titolo:||Blood glutathione disulfide: in vivo factor or in vitro artifact?|
|Autori interni:||MILZANI, ALDO DOMENICO GUIDO|
DALLE DONNE, ISABELLA
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|