In recent decades growing scientific evidence supports the role of ion channels in the development of different forms of cancer. Both potassium selective pores and chloride permeabilities are considered the most active channels during tumorigenesis. High rate of proliferation, active migration and invasiveness into non-neoplastic tissues, are specific properties of neoplastic transformation. All these actions require partial or total involvement of chloride channel activity. In this context, this class of membrane proteins could represent valuable therapeutic targets for the treatment of resistant tumors. However this encouraging premise has not so far produced any valid new channel-targeted antitumoral molecule for cancer treatment. Problematic for drug design targeting ion channels is their vital role in in normal cells for essential physiological functions. By targeting these membrane proteins involved in pathological conditions, it is inevitable to cause relevant side effects in healthy organs. In light of this, a new protein family, the chloride intracellular channel (CLIC), could be a promising class of therapeutic targets for its intrinsic individualities: CLIC1 and CLIC4, in particular, not only are overexpressed in specific tumor types or their corresponding stroma, but in certain cases they change localization and function from hydrophilic cytosolic proteins to integral transmembrane proteins as active ionic channels or signal transducers during cell cycle progression. These changes in intracellular localization, tissue compartments and channel function, uniquely associated with malignant transformation, may offer a unique target for cancer therapy, likely able to spare normal cells. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Membrane channels and transporters in cancers.

Chloride channels in cancer : focus on chloride intracellular channel 1 and 4 (CLIC1 AND CLIC4) proteins in tumor development and as novel therapeutic targets / M. Peretti, M. Angelini, N. Savalli, T. Florio, S.H. Yuspa, M. Mazzanti. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. - ISSN 0006-3002. - 1848:10(2015), pp. 2523-2531.

Chloride channels in cancer : focus on chloride intracellular channel 1 and 4 (CLIC1 AND CLIC4) proteins in tumor development and as novel therapeutic targets

M. Peretti
Primo
;
M. Angelini
Secondo
;
N. Savalli;M. Mazzanti
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

In recent decades growing scientific evidence supports the role of ion channels in the development of different forms of cancer. Both potassium selective pores and chloride permeabilities are considered the most active channels during tumorigenesis. High rate of proliferation, active migration and invasiveness into non-neoplastic tissues, are specific properties of neoplastic transformation. All these actions require partial or total involvement of chloride channel activity. In this context, this class of membrane proteins could represent valuable therapeutic targets for the treatment of resistant tumors. However this encouraging premise has not so far produced any valid new channel-targeted antitumoral molecule for cancer treatment. Problematic for drug design targeting ion channels is their vital role in in normal cells for essential physiological functions. By targeting these membrane proteins involved in pathological conditions, it is inevitable to cause relevant side effects in healthy organs. In light of this, a new protein family, the chloride intracellular channel (CLIC), could be a promising class of therapeutic targets for its intrinsic individualities: CLIC1 and CLIC4, in particular, not only are overexpressed in specific tumor types or their corresponding stroma, but in certain cases they change localization and function from hydrophilic cytosolic proteins to integral transmembrane proteins as active ionic channels or signal transducers during cell cycle progression. These changes in intracellular localization, tissue compartments and channel function, uniquely associated with malignant transformation, may offer a unique target for cancer therapy, likely able to spare normal cells. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Membrane channels and transporters in cancers.
chlorede intracellular channels; protein overexpression; ion channel; cancer cells; proliferation
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/253691
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