The Santonian-Campanian interval is of particular interest as it encompasses a cooling trend after the Late Cretaceous greenhouse maximum warmth of the Turonian as well as a possibly related major faunal turnover among planktonic foraminifera. The recovery of pristinely preserved planktonic foraminifera from Santonian-Campanian sequences in southeastern Tanzania allows examination of faunal changes and documentation of species-specific stable isotope (δ13C and δ18O) signatures. These isotopic data are ideal for inferring species paleoecological preferences and for tracing major paleoceanographic changes. This study reports the first δ18O and δ13C data generated on "glassy" specimens of Marginotruncana coronata, M. undulata, M. marginata, and M. pseudolinneiana and Sigalia carpatica. Additional results from Shatsky Rise (Ocean Drilling Program Leg 198, Hole 1210B) and Exmouth Plateau (ODP Leg 122, Hole 762C) provide geographic control on species habitat preferences and paleoceanographic context. Isotopic analyses suggest that double-keeled species, including Globotruncana bulloides, Contusotruncana fornicata, C. plummerae and probably marginotruncanids, inhabited the surface mixed layer, whereas the biserial Gublerina rajagopalani was a permanent thermocline dweller. Thus, our study confirms recent suggestions that the depth-distribution models based on shell morphology and analogies with modern taxa are not applicable. At all the examined localities, changes in planktonic foraminiferal assemblages are used to define several ecological intervals, each one characterized by a distinctive taxonomic composition and/or increasing/decreasing species diversity. Combined geochemical and paleontological observations suggest that, by the middle-late Campanian, a stratified upper water column developed in Tanzania while less stratified and/or mesotrophic conditions prevailed at Shatsky Rise and Exmouth Plateau.

Santonian-Campanian planktonic foraminifera from Tanzania, Shatsky Rise and Exmouth Plateau : species depth ecology and paleoceanographic inferences / F. Falzoni, M.R. Petrizzo, K.G. Macleod, B.T. Huber. - In: MARINE MICROPALEONTOLOGY. - ISSN 0377-8398. - 103(2013 Sep), pp. 15-29. [10.1016/j.marmicro.2013.07.003]

Santonian-Campanian planktonic foraminifera from Tanzania, Shatsky Rise and Exmouth Plateau : species depth ecology and paleoceanographic inferences

F. Falzoni
;
M.R. Petrizzo
Secondo
;
2013

Abstract

The Santonian-Campanian interval is of particular interest as it encompasses a cooling trend after the Late Cretaceous greenhouse maximum warmth of the Turonian as well as a possibly related major faunal turnover among planktonic foraminifera. The recovery of pristinely preserved planktonic foraminifera from Santonian-Campanian sequences in southeastern Tanzania allows examination of faunal changes and documentation of species-specific stable isotope (δ13C and δ18O) signatures. These isotopic data are ideal for inferring species paleoecological preferences and for tracing major paleoceanographic changes. This study reports the first δ18O and δ13C data generated on "glassy" specimens of Marginotruncana coronata, M. undulata, M. marginata, and M. pseudolinneiana and Sigalia carpatica. Additional results from Shatsky Rise (Ocean Drilling Program Leg 198, Hole 1210B) and Exmouth Plateau (ODP Leg 122, Hole 762C) provide geographic control on species habitat preferences and paleoceanographic context. Isotopic analyses suggest that double-keeled species, including Globotruncana bulloides, Contusotruncana fornicata, C. plummerae and probably marginotruncanids, inhabited the surface mixed layer, whereas the biserial Gublerina rajagopalani was a permanent thermocline dweller. Thus, our study confirms recent suggestions that the depth-distribution models based on shell morphology and analogies with modern taxa are not applicable. At all the examined localities, changes in planktonic foraminiferal assemblages are used to define several ecological intervals, each one characterized by a distinctive taxonomic composition and/or increasing/decreasing species diversity. Combined geochemical and paleontological observations suggest that, by the middle-late Campanian, a stratified upper water column developed in Tanzania while less stratified and/or mesotrophic conditions prevailed at Shatsky Rise and Exmouth Plateau.
Ecological intervals; Late cretaceous; Paleo-habitats; Paleoceanography; Planktonic foraminifera; Stable isotopes; Oceanography; Paleontology
Settore GEO/01 - Paleontologia e Paleoecologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/250932
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