The effects of 18 essential oils, yeast, Quebracho tannin and Quillaja saponin on ruminal methane and gas production (GP) were studied in vitro. A lactating cow diet was incubated with rumen inoculum. Doses of the additives (mg/L) were: essential oils = 500; tannin=67; yeast=8.35 and 16.7; and saponin=300. Lemongrass, estragole, eugenol, geraniol, limonen, thyme oil and thymol produced less gas (overall mean 33.8mL/200mg dry matter (DM)) than control (43.6mL/200mg DM; P<0.001). Methane produced (mL/200mg DM) by guaiacol (10.7), lemongrass (9.6), limonene (11.4), thyme oil (10.9) and thymol (2.1) was lower than control (12.5) (P<0.001). Methane percentage on total GP was lower (P<0.001) for cinnamic alcohol (25.4), guaiacol (24.5), thymol (19.7) and vanillin (26.3) than control (28.8). In a second experiment, thymol, guaiacol and yeast were added to the diet of dry fistulated cows to determine in situ neutral detergent fiber digestibility (NDFD) of six forages and in vivo dietary NDFD. Thymol and yeast decreased in situNDFD after 24h (33.9% and 33.5% vs. 38.1%; P=0.008). Thymol decreased in vivo total tract NDFD (40.8% vs. 51.4%; P=0.02). Differences in GP and methane levels were registered within classes of additives. A careful selection of additives may allow for the manipulation of ruminal fermentation.
Effects of a selection of additives on in vitro ruminal methanogenesis and in situ and in vivo NDF digestibility / M. Pirondini, S. Colombini, L. Malagutti, L. Rapetti, G. Galassi, R. Zanchi, G.M. Crovetto. - In: ANIMAL SCIENCE JOURNAL. - ISSN 1344-3941. - 86:1(2015), pp. 59-68.
|Titolo:||Effects of a selection of additives on in vitro ruminal methanogenesis and in situ and in vivo NDF digestibility|
PIRONDINI, MARIO (Primo)
COLOMBINI, STEFANIA (Secondo)
ZANCHI, RAFFAELLA (Penultimo)
CROVETTO, GIANNI MATTEO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Additive; Essential oil; Methane; NDF digestibility; Rumen|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale|
Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale
Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.12249|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|