Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a useful biotechnology to produce electrical energy from different organic substrates. This work reports for the first time results of the application of single chamber MFCs to generate electrical energy from diluted white wine (WWL) and red wine (RWL) lees. Power obtained was of 8.2 W m-3 (262 mW m-2; 500 ω) and of 3.1 W m-3 (111 mW m-2; 500ω) using white and red wine lees, respectively. Biological processes lead to a reduction of chemical oxygen (TCOD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD5) of 27% and 83% for RWL and of 90% and 95% for WWL, respectively. These results depended on the degradability of organic compounds contained, as suggest by BOD5/TCOD of WWL (0.93) vs BOD5/TCOD of RWL (0.33), and to the high presence of polyphenols in RWL that inhibited the process. Coulombic efficiency (CE) of 15 ± 0%, for WWL, was in line with those reported in the literature for other substrates, i.e. CE of 14.9 ± 11.3%. Different substrates led to different microbial consortia, particularly at the anode. Bacterial species responsible for the generation of electricity, were physically connected to the electrode, where the direct electron transfer took place.

Electricity generation using white and red wine lees in air cathode microbial fuel cells / T. Pepe Sciarria, G. Merlino, B. Scaglia, A. D'Epifanio, B. Mecheri, S. Borin, S. Licoccia, F. Adani. - In: JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES. - ISSN 0378-7753. - 274(2015), pp. 393-399. [10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.10.050]

Electricity generation using white and red wine lees in air cathode microbial fuel cells

T. Pepe Sciarria
Primo
;
G. Merlino
Secondo
;
B. Scaglia;S. Borin;F. Adani
2015

Abstract

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a useful biotechnology to produce electrical energy from different organic substrates. This work reports for the first time results of the application of single chamber MFCs to generate electrical energy from diluted white wine (WWL) and red wine (RWL) lees. Power obtained was of 8.2 W m-3 (262 mW m-2; 500 ω) and of 3.1 W m-3 (111 mW m-2; 500ω) using white and red wine lees, respectively. Biological processes lead to a reduction of chemical oxygen (TCOD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD5) of 27% and 83% for RWL and of 90% and 95% for WWL, respectively. These results depended on the degradability of organic compounds contained, as suggest by BOD5/TCOD of WWL (0.93) vs BOD5/TCOD of RWL (0.33), and to the high presence of polyphenols in RWL that inhibited the process. Coulombic efficiency (CE) of 15 ± 0%, for WWL, was in line with those reported in the literature for other substrates, i.e. CE of 14.9 ± 11.3%. Different substrates led to different microbial consortia, particularly at the anode. Bacterial species responsible for the generation of electricity, were physically connected to the electrode, where the direct electron transfer took place.
Electricity generation; Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometric; Microbial diversity; Microbial fuel cell; Substrate composition; Winery lees; Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Energy Engineering and Power Technology; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/247560
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