The 154-year (1850–2004) chronosequence of the Forni Glacier foreland has been studied by sampling ant, centipede, ground beetle, and spider species assemblages. Species numbers increase with terrain age along the chronosequence from 2 to 26 on the oldest soils. Thirty-nine species were collected; species richness and diversity (Shannon’s Index) of communities are correlated to the year of soil deglaciation. Shannon Index values increase with sites deglaciated between 1 and 61 years ago; sites deglaciated between 61 and 78 years ago produce similar values, and those deglaciated 78 to 154 years ago show a further increase in diversity. Ground beetles and spiders are found at all sites, while ants and centipedes were associated with mature forest soils. On the glacier surface, pioneer species such as the wolf-spider Pardosa saturatior and the ground beetle Oreonebria castanea permanently inhabit the supraglacial detritus surviving on trophic resources. Wingless ground beetle species are associated with mature soils, especially those with high hydric stability. Open land species typical of primary succession are found in the pioneer and intermediate stages, while community assemblages found on older terrain are linked to forest vegetation structure and dynamics.

Epigean arthropod succession along a 154-year glacier foreland chronosequence in the Forni Valley (Central Italian Alps) / M. Gobbi, F. De Bernardi, M. Pelfini, B. Rossaro, P. Brandmayr. - In: ARCTIC ANTARCTIC AND ALPINE RESEARCH. - ISSN 1523-0430. - 38:3(2006 Aug), pp. 357-362.

Epigean arthropod succession along a 154-year glacier foreland chronosequence in the Forni Valley (Central Italian Alps)

M. Gobbi
Primo
;
F. De Bernardi
Secondo
;
M. Pelfini;B. Rossaro
Penultimo
;
2006

Abstract

The 154-year (1850–2004) chronosequence of the Forni Glacier foreland has been studied by sampling ant, centipede, ground beetle, and spider species assemblages. Species numbers increase with terrain age along the chronosequence from 2 to 26 on the oldest soils. Thirty-nine species were collected; species richness and diversity (Shannon’s Index) of communities are correlated to the year of soil deglaciation. Shannon Index values increase with sites deglaciated between 1 and 61 years ago; sites deglaciated between 61 and 78 years ago produce similar values, and those deglaciated 78 to 154 years ago show a further increase in diversity. Ground beetles and spiders are found at all sites, while ants and centipedes were associated with mature forest soils. On the glacier surface, pioneer species such as the wolf-spider Pardosa saturatior and the ground beetle Oreonebria castanea permanently inhabit the supraglacial detritus surviving on trophic resources. Wingless ground beetle species are associated with mature soils, especially those with high hydric stability. Open land species typical of primary succession are found in the pioneer and intermediate stages, while community assemblages found on older terrain are linked to forest vegetation structure and dynamics.
Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia
ago-2006
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/24519
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 59
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 55
social impact