RasGRF is a family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors with dual specificity for both Ras and Rac GTPases. In this study, using mouse brain exts., we show that both RasGRF1 and RasGRF2 interact with microtubules in an in vitro microtubule assembly system and this binding is very tight. To characterize this assocn., recombinant purified proteins contg. different regions of RasGRF1 were tested for their ability to bind microtubules preassembled from pure tubulin. Only the DHPH2 tandem directly assocs. with microtubules, whereas the isolated DH or PH2 domains do not, indicating that the entire DHPH2 region is required for this assocn. The interaction occurs with high affinity (Kd ~ 2 mM) and with a stoichiometry, at satg. conditions, of one DHPH2 mols. for two tubulin dimers. Competition expts. support the hypothesis that the DHPH2 module is largely responsible for RasGRF1-microtubule interaction. In vivo colocalization of RasGRF1 and microtubules was also obsd. by fluorescence confocal microscopy in nonneuronal cells after stimulation with an oxidative stress agent and in highly differentiated neuron-like cells. Identification of microtubules as new binding partners of RasGRF1 may help to elucidate the signaling network in which RasGRF1 is involved.

The guanine nucleotide exchange factor RasGRF1 directly binds microtubules via DHPH2-mediated interaction / G. Forlani, S. Baldassa, P. Lavagni, E. Sturani, R. Zippel. - In: THE FEBS JOURNAL. - ISSN 1742-464X. - 273:10(2006), pp. 2127-2138.

The guanine nucleotide exchange factor RasGRF1 directly binds microtubules via DHPH2-mediated interaction

G. Forlani
Primo
;
S. Baldassa
Secondo
;
P. Lavagni;E. Sturani
Penultimo
;
R. Zippel
Ultimo
2006

Abstract

RasGRF is a family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors with dual specificity for both Ras and Rac GTPases. In this study, using mouse brain exts., we show that both RasGRF1 and RasGRF2 interact with microtubules in an in vitro microtubule assembly system and this binding is very tight. To characterize this assocn., recombinant purified proteins contg. different regions of RasGRF1 were tested for their ability to bind microtubules preassembled from pure tubulin. Only the DHPH2 tandem directly assocs. with microtubules, whereas the isolated DH or PH2 domains do not, indicating that the entire DHPH2 region is required for this assocn. The interaction occurs with high affinity (Kd ~ 2 mM) and with a stoichiometry, at satg. conditions, of one DHPH2 mols. for two tubulin dimers. Competition expts. support the hypothesis that the DHPH2 module is largely responsible for RasGRF1-microtubule interaction. In vivo colocalization of RasGRF1 and microtubules was also obsd. by fluorescence confocal microscopy in nonneuronal cells after stimulation with an oxidative stress agent and in highly differentiated neuron-like cells. Identification of microtubules as new binding partners of RasGRF1 may help to elucidate the signaling network in which RasGRF1 is involved.
DHPH2 module; Microtubule; Ras; RasGRF; Sodium arsenate
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/24332
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