This study addresses the detection and characterization of the modification of human serum albumin (HSA) by amoxicillin (AX) in ex vivo samples from healthy subjects under oral amoxicillin administration (acute intake of 1 g every 8 h for 48 h). To reach this goal, we used an analytical strategy based on targeted and untargeted mass spectrometric approaches. Plasma samples withdrawn before AX oral intake represented the negative control samples to test the method selectivity, whereas HSA incubated in vitro with AX was the positive control. Different MS strategies were developed, particularly (1) multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) and precursor ion scan (PIS) using a HPLC system coupled to a triple quadrupole MS analyzer and (2) a dedicated data-dependent scan and a customized targeted MS/MS analysis carried out using a nano-LC system coupled to a high-resolution MS system (LTQ Orbitrap XL). Lys 190 was identified as the only modification site of HSA in the ex vivo samples. The AX adduct was identified and fully characterized by complementary targeted approaches based on triple quadrupole (MRM mode) and orbitrap (SIC mode) mass analyzers. The SIC mode also permitted the relative amount of AX-adducted HSA to be measured, ranging from 1 to 2% (6-12 μM) at 24 and 48 h after the oral intake. No adduct in any ex vivo sample was identified by the untargeted methods (PIS and data-dependent scan mode analysis). The results on one hand indicate that MS, in particular high-resolution MS, analysis represents a suitable analytical tool for the identification/characterization of covalently modified proteins/peptides; on the other hand, they give deeper insight into AX-induced protein haptenation, which is required to better understand the mechanisms involved in AX-elicited allergic reactions.
Mass spectrometric strategies for the identification and characterization of human serum albumin covalently adducted by amoxicillin : ex vivo studies / D. Garzon, A. Ariza, L. Regazzoni, R. Clerici, A. Altomare, F.R. Sirtori, M. Carini, M.J. Torres, D. Pérez-Sala, G. Aldini. - In: CHEMICAL RESEARCH IN TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0893-228X. - 27:9(2014 Sep 15), pp. 1566-1574.
|Titolo:||Mass spectrometric strategies for the identification and characterization of human serum albumin covalently adducted by amoxicillin : ex vivo studies|
GARZON, DAVIDE (Primo)
ALDINI, GIANCARLO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Amoxicillin ; albumin ; haptenation ; Lys 190 ; protein covalent binding ; high-resolution mass spectrometry|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-set-2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/tx500210e|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|