In the lysogenic state, bacteriophage P4 prevents the expression of its own replication genes, which are encoded in the left operon, through premature transcription termination. The phage factor responsible for efficient termination is a small, untranslated RNA (Cl RNA), which acts as an antisense RNA and controls transcription termination by pairing with two complementary sequences (seqA and seqC) located within the leader region of the left operon. A Rho-dependent termination site, t(imm), was previously shown to be involved in the control of P4 replication gene expression. In the present study, by making use of phage ΦR73 as a cloning vector and of suppressor tRNA(Gly) as a reporter gene, we characterized two additional terminators, t1 and t4. Although transcription termination at neither site requires the Rho factor, only t1 has the typical structure of a Rho-independent terminator. t1 is located between the P(LE) promoter and the cl gene, whereas t4 is located between cl and t(imm). Efficient termination at t1 requires the Cl RNA and the seqA target sequence; in vitro, the Cl RNA enhanced termination at t1 in the absence of any bacterial factor. A P4 mutant, in which the t1 terminator has been deleted, can still lysogenize both Rho+ and Rho- strains and exhibits increased expression of Cl RNA. These data indicate that t1 and the Rho-dependent t(imm) terminators are not essential for lysogeny. t1 is involved in Cl RNA autoregulation, whereas t4 appears to be the main terminator necessary to prevent expression of the lytic genes in the lysogenic state.
Antisense RNA-dependent transcription termination sites that modulate lysogenic development of satellite phage P4 / F. Briani, D. Ghisotti, G. Dehò. - In: MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0950-382X. - 36:5(2000 Jun), pp. 1124-1134.
|Titolo:||Antisense RNA-dependent transcription termination sites that modulate lysogenic development of satellite phage P4|
BRIANI, FEDERICA (Primo)
GHISOTTI, DANIELA ERICA (Secondo)
DEHO', GIOVANNI (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||escherichia-coli; bacteriophage P4; retronphage PHI-R73; immunity; gene; rho; antitermination; identifcation; retroelement; mutagenesis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/18 - Genetica|
Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2958.2000.01927.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|