Purpose Encapsulated cell biodelivery (ECB) is a relatively safe approach, since the devices can be removed in the event of adverse effects. The main objectives of the present study were to evaluate whether ECB could be a viable alternative of cell therapy for epilepsy. We therefore developed a human cell line producing galanin, a neuropeptide that has been shown to exert inhibitory effects on seizures, most likely acting via decreasing glutamate release from excitatory synapses. To explore whether ECB of genetically modified galanin-producing human cell line could provide seizure-suppressant effects, and test possible translational prospect for clinical application, we implanted ECB devices bilaterally into the hippocampus of rats subjected to rapid kindling, a model for recurrent temporal lobe seizures. Methods Two clones from a genetically modified human cell line secreting different levels of galanin were tested. Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings and stimulations were performed by electrodes implanted into the hippocampus at the same surgical session as ECB devices. One week after the surgery, rapid kindling stimulations were initiated. Key Findings Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) measurements prior to device implantation showed a release of galanin on average of 8.3 ng/mL/24 h per device for the low-releasing clone and 12.6 ng/mL/24 h per device for the high-releasing clone. High-releasing galanin-producing ECB devices moderately decreased stimulation-induced focal afterdischarge duration, whereas low-releasing ECB devices had no significant effect. Significance Our study shows that galanin-releasing ECB devices moderately suppress focal stimulation-induced recurrent seizures. Despite this moderate effect, the study provides conceptual proof that ECB could be a viable alternative approach to cell therapy in humans, with the advantage that the treatment could be terminated by removing these devices from the brain. Thereby, this strategy provides a higher level of safety for future therapeutic applications, in which genetically modified human cell lines that are optimized to produce and release antiepileptic compounds could be clinically evaluated for their seizure-suppressant effects. A PowerPoint slide summarizing this article is available for download in the Supporting Information section here.
Epilepsy with onset within 3 years of age : electroclinical characterization and long term outcome / A. Vignoli, F. La Briola, G. Scornavacca, V. Chiesa, G. Oggioni, E. Zambrelli, K. Turner, V. Fergnani, M.P. Canevini. - In: EPILEPSIA. - ISSN 0013-9580. - 55:suppl. 2(2014 Jun), pp. 167-168. ((Intervento presentato al 11. convegno European Congress on Epileptology tenutosi a Stockholm nel 2014.
|Titolo:||Epilepsy with onset within 3 years of age : electroclinical characterization and long term outcome|
VIGNOLI, AGLAIA (Primo)
CANEVINI, MARIA PAOLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||ECB device; Encapsulated cells; Epilepsy; Galanin; Hippocampus; Kindling|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/39 - Neuropsichiatria Infantile|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2014|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||ILAE|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.12675|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|