The orogenic belts surrounding the undeformed Adriatic Sea represent the margins of an area known as Adria, the African promontory. We have undertaken a critical appraisal of paleomagnetic data from regions of Adria considered parautochthonous relative to Africa, obtained either from biostratigraphically dated sedimentary rocks, corrected for inclination shallowing, or from igneous rocks that are regarded as free from any inclination shallowing bias. Paleomagnetic directions were used to calculate paleomagnetic poles for comparison with coeval, and inclination flattening-free, paleomagnetic poles from stable Africa. Visual coherence of paleopoles for several time slices from the Early Permian to the Eocene supports the construction of a composite apparent polar wander path (APWP) valid for parautochthonous Adria and stable Africa. This composite APWP is compared to previous APWPs, finding good agreement with the global APWP of Kent and Irving (2010). Both APWPs show a remarkable and rapid polar shift of ~. 40° in the Jurassic that other APWPs tend to underestimate. We interpret this shift to represent a major episode of true polar wander (TPW), from ~. 183. Ma in the Early Jurassic to ~. 151. Ma in the Late Jurassic. Using a simple zonal climate model, the drift motion of Adria attached to Africa appears to be consistent with the distribution of Permian-Cretaceous sedimentary facies on Adria.
|Titolo:||The drift history of Adria and Africa from 280Ma to present, Jurassic true polar wander, and zonal climate control on Tethyan sedimentary facies|
MUTTONI, GIOVANNI (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Adria; Africa; apparent polar wander path; Jurassic; Paleomagnetism; Sedimentary facies; Tethys; true polar wander; zonal climate|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica e Sedimentologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.06.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|