Among pollinators, honeybees are the most important ones and exert the essential key ecosystem service of pollination for many crops, fruit and wild plants. Indeed, several crops are strictly dependent on honeybee pollination. Since few decades, honeybees are facing large-scale losses worldwide, the causes of which are found in the interaction of several biotic and abiotic factors, such as the use of pesticides, the habitat loss, the spread of pathogens and parasites and the occurrence of climate changes. Insect symbionts are emerging as a potential tool to protect beneficial insects, ameliorating the innate immune homeostasis and contributing to the general insect wellbeing. A review about the microbial symbionts associated to honeybees is here presented. The importance of the honeybee microbial commensals for the maintenance and improvement of honeybee health is discussed. Several stressors like infestations of Varroa mites and the use of pesticides can contribute to the occurrence of dysbiosis phenomena, resulting in a perturbation of the microbiocenosis established in the honeybee body.
Microbial symbionts of honeybees: a promising tool to improve honeybee health / E. Crotti, L. Sansonno, E.M. Prosdocimi, V. Vacchini, C. Hamdi, A. Cherif, E. Gonella, M. Marzorati, A. Balloi. - In: NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1871-6784. - 30:6(2013 Sep 25), pp. 716-722.
|Titolo:||Microbial symbionts of honeybees: a promising tool to improve honeybee health|
CROTTI, ELENA SARA (Primo)
SANSONNO, LUIGI (Secondo)
BALLOI, ANNALISA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Partial-purification; immune homeostasis; gut microbiome; bee; diversity; identification; bacteria; fly; pollinators; hymenoptera|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||25-set-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbt.2013.05.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|