Evidence, obtained in rodent and primate models of Parkinson's disease (PD) and in preliminary clinical trials, indicates that adenosine A2A receptor antagonists might represent a promising non-dopaminergic therapeutic tool for the treatment of PD. Recently, we have reported the biological evaluation of 8-substituted 9-ethyladenines (ANR) as new A2A receptor antagonists, three of which (ANR 82, ANR 94, and ANR 152) showed high efficacy in in vivo models for Parkinson's. Understanding the metabolic pathways of new drug candidates is an important aspect of drug discovery. The ANR compounds have been investigated in order to clarify their activity on rat liver microsomes, and more specifically on recombinant human cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6). The metabolites of all three compounds were detected by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The results indicate that this class of 9-ethyladenines is metabolized only to a fraction of 1.5-5%. These compounds also act as potent mechanism-based inhibitors of CYP450 and in particular of human isoform CYP2D6. Kinetic-analysis of enzyme inactivation was used to describe the effect of these time-dependent inhibitors and to derive the inhibition parameters Kinact and Ki defined with respect to the O-demethylation of dextromethorphan.
|Titolo:||In vitro metabolism studies of new adenosine A 2A receptor antagonists|
FINAURINI, SARA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||8-substituted 9-ethyladenine; A2A adenosine receptors; A2A antagonist; CYP2D6; HPLC; Parkinson's disease; Rat microsome hepatocytes|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.2174/187231208786734076|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|