Adenosine suppresses immune responses through the A2A receptor (A2AR). This study investigated the interleukin 10 (IL-10) genetic profile and the expression of A2AR in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer disease (AD), and age-matched controls to verify, if they may help distinguish different forms of cognitive decline. We analyzed the IL-10 genotype and the expression of A2AR in 41 subjects with AD, 10 with amnestic MCI (a-MCI), 49 with multiple cognitive domain MCI (mcd-MCI), and 46 controls. There was a significant linear increase in A2AR mRNA levels and A2AR density from mcd-MCI to a-MCI, with intermediate levels being found in AD. The IL-10 AA genotype frequency was 67% in a-MCI, 46% in AD, 35% in mcd-MCI, and 20% in controls. These data suggest that the assessment of the IL-10 genotype and the expression of A2AR in PBMCs may be a valuable means of differentiating between a-MCI and mcd-MCI.
Adenosine A(2A) Receptor and IL-10 in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment / B. Arosio, L. Mastronardi, C. Gussago, P. Nicolini, A. Casè, E. Ziglioli, L. Bergamaschini. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE. - ISSN 2090-8024. - 2011(2011), pp. 484021.1-484021.6.
|Titolo:||Adenosine A(2A) Receptor and IL-10 in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment|
AROSIO, BEATRICE (Primo)
ZIGLIOLI, ELEONORA (Penultimo)
BERGAMASCHINI, LUIGI CESARE (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/484021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|