The wide number of industrial processes applying cellulases highlights the importance of discovering robust enzymes able to work under harsh conditions. In this study, carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase) activity of Paenibacillus tarimensis was characterized. A high activity was observed in pH range 3.0–10.5 and 9 mM–5 M NaCl. In high salt buffer at 80 °C, >80% and >76% of relative activity was retained at 20% of the ionic liquids (ILs) [EMIM]Ac and [BMIM]Cl; while >40% was detected with 40% [BMIM]Cl. Five CMCases were detected by renaturing SDS–PAGE. Their activity was retained in presence of 1.7 up to 5 M NaCl (for CMC1) or 4.6 M KCl; 5% organic solvents or 10 mM bivalent ions, EDTA and heavy metals; under neutral and halo-alkaline conditions. These cellulases stabile and highly functional under harsh conditions are promising candidates for application in detergents, textiles, paper/pulp industry; and simultaneous ILs treatment-saccharification of lignocellulose.

Halo-alkalitolerant and thermostable cellulases with improved tolerance to ionic liquids and organic solvents from Paenibacillus tarimensis isolated from the Chott El Fejej, Sahara desert, Tunisia / N. Raddadi, A. Cherif, D. Daffonchio, F. Fava. - In: BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-8524. - 150(2013 Dec), pp. 121-128.

Halo-alkalitolerant and thermostable cellulases with improved tolerance to ionic liquids and organic solvents from Paenibacillus tarimensis isolated from the Chott El Fejej, Sahara desert, Tunisia

N. Raddadi
Primo
;
D. Daffonchio
Penultimo
;
2013-12

Abstract

The wide number of industrial processes applying cellulases highlights the importance of discovering robust enzymes able to work under harsh conditions. In this study, carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase) activity of Paenibacillus tarimensis was characterized. A high activity was observed in pH range 3.0–10.5 and 9 mM–5 M NaCl. In high salt buffer at 80 °C, >80% and >76% of relative activity was retained at 20% of the ionic liquids (ILs) [EMIM]Ac and [BMIM]Cl; while >40% was detected with 40% [BMIM]Cl. Five CMCases were detected by renaturing SDS–PAGE. Their activity was retained in presence of 1.7 up to 5 M NaCl (for CMC1) or 4.6 M KCl; 5% organic solvents or 10 mM bivalent ions, EDTA and heavy metals; under neutral and halo-alkaline conditions. These cellulases stabile and highly functional under harsh conditions are promising candidates for application in detergents, textiles, paper/pulp industry; and simultaneous ILs treatment-saccharification of lignocellulose.
Chott; Ionic liquids; Paenibacillus tarimensis; Poly-extremotolerant cellulases
Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/230197
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