In this proceeding we present a quantitative model to study the pinning interaction between a neutron vortex and the nuclear lattice in the inner crust of a neutron star, which is formed by nuclear clusters immersed in a superfluid neutron gas. This is one of the most important quantities in the vortex model for pulsar glitches, where the sudden variations of the rotation velocity observed in some neutron stars are explained in terms of pinning-depinning processes between vortices and the nuclear lattice. The study has been done through an actual counting of the number of pinning sites between the vortex and the nuclear lattice. Moreover, it has been recognized that the vortices can have a generic orientation with respect to the lattice and thus the simple pinned-unpinned scenario (that is characteristic of the aligned case and has been assumed in previous qualitative models) is not acceptable for a realistic calculation. The forces that we have found are more than two orders of magnitude smaller than those calculated so far in the literature, and of the same order as what suggested to explain real Vela-like glitches. They can thus be applied to quantitative models for the vortex dynamics, in order to better simulate and understand these remarkable astrophysical phenomena.
|Titolo:||Vortex-lattice interaction in Pulsar Glitches|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare|
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1742-6596/342/1/012004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|