The high-density interior of a neutron star is expected to contain superconducting protons and superfluid neutrons. Theoretical estimates suggest that the protons will form a type II superconductor in which the stellar magnetic field is carried by flux tubes. The strong interaction between the flux tubes and the neutron rotational vortices could lead to strong "pinning," i.e., vortex motion could be impeded. This has important implications especially for pulsar glitch models as it would lead to a large part of the vorticity of the star being decoupled from the "normal" component to which the electromagnetic emission is locked. In this Letter, we explore the consequences of strong pinning in the core on the "snowplow" model for pulsar glitches, making use of realistic equations of state and relativistic background models for the neutron star. We find that, in general, a large fraction of the pinned vorticity in the core is not compatible with observations of giant glitches in the Vela pulsar. Thus, the conclusion is that either most of the core is in a type I superconducting state or the interaction between vortices and flux tubes is weaker than previously assumed.
|Titolo:||Investigating superconductivity in neutron star interiors with glitch models|
|Parole Chiave:||dense matter; pulsars: individual (PSR J0835-4510); stars: neutron|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare|
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/2041-8205/764/2/L25|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|