Total and segmental body composition (fat mass, FM; fat-free mass, FFM; bone mineral density, BMD) were evaluated in 13 sedentary spinal cord injury (SCI) subjects and in 13 able-bodied healthy males (control, C) using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and skinfold methods. In the SCI group, total FM was significantly higher (31.1±8.2 vs. 20.8±6.9%) and total FFM was significantly lower (62.2±8.9 vs. 73.5±6.4%) than in C subjects. Total BMD did not differ between the SCI and C groups (1.20±0.11 vs. 1.30±0.11 g/cm2). In the SCI group, segmental FM was higher in the legs and trunk, whereas BMD was lower in legs only. The skinfold method significantly underestimated FM in the SCI group. Body composition is severely modified in paralyzed segments. The predictive equations developed for healthy populations appear to be inapplicable to SCI subjects.
Body composition assessment in spinal cord injury subjects / M. Maggioni, S. Bertoli, V. Margonato, G. Merati, A. Veicsteinas, G. Testolin. - In: ACTA DIABETOLOGICA. - ISSN 0940-5429. - 40:suppl. 1(2003), pp. S183-S186. ((Intervento presentato al 6. convegno International symposium “In Vivo Body Composition studies”. tenutosi a Roma nel 2002.
|Titolo:||Body composition assessment in spinal cord injury subjects|
MAGGIONI, MARTINA ANNA (Primo)
BERTOLI, SIMONA (Secondo)
VEICSTEINAS, ARSENIO (Penultimo)
TESTOLIN, GIULIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Body composition; Bone mineral density; Fat free mass; Fat mass; Spinal cord injury|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00592-003-0061-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|