Molybdenum is a trace element essential to life. Nevertheless, little information is available on its metabolism in humans. A methodology based on stable isotope administration that combines compartmental analysis, simultaneous use of two tracers, and proton nuclear activation (PNA) is presented. A four-compartment metabolic model was adopted. The compartments are stomach, small intestine, transfer compartment, and unquantified tissue pool. The employment of two different stable isotopes of the element under investigation as tracers was made possible by PNA. Optimization of the technique for molybdenum determination in plasma led to the choice of 95Mo and 96Mo as tracers. Their concentrations in plasma can be determined measuring the disintegration γ lines of the corresponding technetium radioisotopes produced via (p,n) reaction. In the adopted experimental conditions, a minimum detectable concentration of 2 ng isotope/ml plasma was attained. A kinetics study was performed on two healthy volunteers. To both subjects one tracer was orally administered, and the other intravenously injected. Venous blood samples were withdrawn at different postinjection times and the concentrations for both isotopes determined. The model parameters describing molybdenum kinetics were obtained for the two individuals. Total absorbed fraction was found to be 0.84±0.03 and 0.86±0.07, respectively.
|Titolo:||Proton activation analysis of stable isotopes for molybdenum metabolism study in humans|
CANTONE, MARIE CLAIRE (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||biokinetics; compartmental model; molybdenum; proton nuclear activation; stable isotopes|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1118/1.597514|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|