Heavy metal pollution from mining activities is a significant environmental problem, as mine dumps are source of dispersion of toxic elements in the nearby ecosystems. Waste-rock dumps can be colonized by metallophyte plant species, able to grow and reproduce on substrates characterised by high metal contents. In this work, the relationship between soils or earth materials and trees growing on the Hop waste-rock dump, from the Roşia Montană gold mine (Romania), were investigated using bio-geochemical analyses.On the Hop waste dump (2.5 ha area), a portion of Cetate open pit, where the waste has been piled up between 1998 and 2000, 10 plant samples, made by leaves, roots, branches and buds, belonging to Salix sp., Popolus tremula and Betula pendula species, were pulled together with the corresponding rizosphera. Results have shown that all plant species are able to grow on acid substrates, with pH values ranging from 3 to 5. Moreover, they can tolerate the presence of AMD processes, as they live on soils and earth materials characterised by positive NAPP values, which correspond to an acid production ranging from 10.8 to 79 kg H2SO4/t. Unlike a general low average content of metals in soils and earth materials, metal contents in plant tissue is always high: Cu and Zn average concentrations are 53 and 382 ppm respectively, reaching the greatest values in Betula pendula leaves (where Cu is 90 ppm and Zn 1,026 ppm). BF values are almost always >1: particularly for Cu they range from 0.8 to 4.5, while for Zn from 1.2 to 56. TF values show a preferential allocation of metals in leaves.These results appear interesting for phytoremediation purpose, also for the surrounding areas not still vegetated; on the other hand, they highlight that eco-toxic elements are actually moving from substrates to living beings, with a potential geochemical hazard.
Relationship between wild trees and heavy metals on the hop waste-rock dump (Roşia Montană mining area , Romania) / S. Porro, L. De Capitani. - 13(2011). ((Intervento presentato al convegno European Geosciences Union General Assembly tenutosi a Vienna nel 2011.
|Titolo:||Relationship between wild trees and heavy metals on the hop waste-rock dump (Roşia Montană mining area , Romania)|
PORRO, SILVIA (Primo)
DE CAPITANI, LUISA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/08 - Geochimica e Vulcanologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|