Alpe Mastabia, in the Val Malenco district of northern Italy, has been a source of nephrite jade since the early 2000s. Twenty-one samples from this locality were investigated by classical gemological methods; X-ray powder diffraction, combined with quantitative phase analysis; scanning electron microscopy in combination with energy-dispersive spectrometry; electron microprobe analysis; mass spectrometry; and mid-infrared spectroscopy. From a mineralogical standpoint, this jade consists mainly of tremolite amphibole, with variable amounts of other constituents, especially calcite (up to approximately 30 wt.%), but also pyroxene, apatite, and sulfide minerals. Its pale green color is related to the low iron content of the tremolite amphibole, whereas the other minerals are responsible for different colors (calcite for white, molybdenite and galena for gray). On the basis of minor and trace-element composition, we can classify this jade as dolomite-related nephrite (para-nephrite). Although new material could be recovered from this area, future production will probably be limited by access difficulties.
Nephrite jade from Val Malenco, Italy: Review and update / I. Adamo, R. Bocchio. - In: GEMS & GEMOLOGY. - ISSN 0016-626X. - 49:2(2013), pp. 379-391.
|Titolo:||Nephrite jade from Val Malenco, Italy: Review and update|
ADAMO, ILARIA (Primo)
BOCCHIO, ROSANGELA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia|
Settore GEO/09 - Georisorse Miner.Appl.Mineral.-Petrogr.per l'amb.e i Beni Cul
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.49.2.98|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|