Pizzo Mondello section is known since 15 years because of the continuous Late Triassic pelagic record of great significance for the establishment of an integrated chronostratigraphy of the Late Triassic (Gullo et al. 1996; Muttoni et al. 2001, 2004). During the last 4 years, Pizzo Mondello section has been studied in detail to provide a new and high resolution integrated bio-chronostratigraphy for the calibration of the magnetostratigraphy and chemostratigraphy proposed by Muttoni et al. (2001, 2004), and now it is one of the GSSP candidates for the definition of the base of the Norian. The lowest 143 m of the Cherty Limestone, straddling the C/N boundary have been studied in detail. The preliminary data of the ongoing research have been presented in all the meetings of the STS from Albuquerque 2007 and here we summarize the final results. The key correlation to the standard marine Triassic Scale is provided by the ammonoids. They are relatively rare, however the available collections document the Upper Carnian Discotropites plinii and Gonionotites italicus Subzones, from meter 15 to meter 80 from the base of the section. The following 15 meters are poor in ammonoids, while higher up the lower part of the Lower Norian Guembelites jandianus Zone is documented by Dimorphites cf. n. sp.1 of Krystyn, 1980. Conodonts are very abundant and have a great potential as practical tool for global correlations. The abundance of specimens at Pizzo Mondello gave the opportunity to point out clear relationships among the five most widespread Upper Camian/Lower Norian conodont genera (Paragondolella, Carnepigondolella, Metapolygnathus, Epigondolella and Norigondolella) and to identify trends of the generic turnovers (Mazza et al. 2010). The two biomarkers so far proposed as possible marker events for the GSSP were the FAD of E. quadrata (sample FNP88A) and the FAD of M. communisti (sample NA35). However, the FAD of E. quadrata occurs within the Gonionotites italicus Subzone, while the FAD of M. communisti is on its top. Halobiids are extremely common in the Cherty Limestone and they have also a great potential for large scale correlations. Nine species of Halobia have been recognized: Halobia carnica, H. lenticularis, H. simplex, H. superba, H. cf. rugosa, H. radiata, H. austriaca, H. styriaca and H. mediterranea. The best possible marker for the base of the Norian is the first occurrence of Halobia austriaca, that is recorded in the middle of the interval between the record of the Gonionotites italicus Subzone and the Guembelites jandianus Zone. Radiolarians were found in few samples but with high diversity assemblages. In the upper Gonionotites italicus Subzone to the Guembelites jandianus Zone there is an overlap of species previously considered Late Carnian with species usually regarded as Early Norian. About 4 m above the FAD of E. quadrata, in the Gonionotites italicus Subzone, the first assemblage with Capnuchosphaera deweveri Kozur & Mostler, Capnuchosphaera tricornis De Wever, Kahlerosphaera norica Kozur & Mock and Xiphothecaella longa Kozur & Mock, usually referred to Early Norian, occurs. These integrated bio-chronostratigraphic studies lead to identify some possible GSSP marker events especially on conodonts and halobiids, which occur in the upper part of magnetozone PM 4n, within PM 4r and in the lower part of PM 5n. Possibly the most suitable magnetostratigraphic event to recognize the basal Norian is the base of magnetozone PM 5n, as already suggested by Krystyn et al. 2002 and Muttoni et al. 2004.
|Titolo:||Bio-chronostratigraphic calibration of the Upper Carnian-Lower Norian magnetostratigraphic scale at Pizzo Mondello (Sicani Mountains, Sicily).|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica e Sedimentologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|