Angioedema due to acquired C1-inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency (also referred to as "acquired angioedema") is a rare, life-threatening disease with poorly defined etiology, therapy, and prognosis. To define the profile of acquired C1-INH deficiency and to facilitate the clinical approach to these patients, we report on 23 patients with acquired C1-INH deficiency followed for up to 24 years (median, 8 yr), and review the literature. We measured C1-INH activity with chromogenic assay and detected autoantibodies to C1-INH by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Median age at onset of angioedema was 57 years (range, 39-75 yr). All patients had C1-INH function and C4 antigen below 50% of normal. C1q was reduced in 17 patients. Autoantibodies to C1-INH were present in 17 patients. Long-term prophylaxis of attacks with danazol was effective in 2 of 6 patients, and with tranexamic acid, in 12 of 13 patients. Therapy with C1-INH plasma concentrate was necessary in 12 patients: 9 had rapid positive response and 3 became progressively resistant. Associated diseases at the last follow-up were non-Hodgkin lymphomas (3 patients), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (1 patient), breast cancer (1 patient), monoclonal gammopathies of uncertain significance (13 patients). In 4 patients no pathologic condition could be demonstrated. Compared with the general population, patients with acquired C1-INH deficiency present higher risk for B-cell malignancies, but not for progression of monoclonal gammopathies of uncertain significance to malignancy. Antifibrinolytic agents are more effective than attenuated androgens in long-term prophylaxis. Patients with acquired C1-INH deficiency may be resistant to replacement therapy with C1-INH plasma concentrate.

Autoantibodies and lymphoproliferative diseases in acquired C1-inhibitor deficiencies / M. Cicardi, L.C. Zingale, E. Pappalardo, A. Folcioni, A. Agostoni. - In: MEDICINE. - ISSN 0025-7974. - 82:4(2003), pp. 274-281.

Autoantibodies and lymphoproliferative diseases in acquired C1-inhibitor deficiencies

M. Cicardi
Primo
;
L.C. Zingale
Secondo
;
E. Pappalardo;A. Folcioni
Penultimo
;
A. Agostoni
Ultimo
2003

Abstract

Angioedema due to acquired C1-inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency (also referred to as "acquired angioedema") is a rare, life-threatening disease with poorly defined etiology, therapy, and prognosis. To define the profile of acquired C1-INH deficiency and to facilitate the clinical approach to these patients, we report on 23 patients with acquired C1-INH deficiency followed for up to 24 years (median, 8 yr), and review the literature. We measured C1-INH activity with chromogenic assay and detected autoantibodies to C1-INH by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Median age at onset of angioedema was 57 years (range, 39-75 yr). All patients had C1-INH function and C4 antigen below 50% of normal. C1q was reduced in 17 patients. Autoantibodies to C1-INH were present in 17 patients. Long-term prophylaxis of attacks with danazol was effective in 2 of 6 patients, and with tranexamic acid, in 12 of 13 patients. Therapy with C1-INH plasma concentrate was necessary in 12 patients: 9 had rapid positive response and 3 became progressively resistant. Associated diseases at the last follow-up were non-Hodgkin lymphomas (3 patients), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (1 patient), breast cancer (1 patient), monoclonal gammopathies of uncertain significance (13 patients). In 4 patients no pathologic condition could be demonstrated. Compared with the general population, patients with acquired C1-INH deficiency present higher risk for B-cell malignancies, but not for progression of monoclonal gammopathies of uncertain significance to malignancy. Antifibrinolytic agents are more effective than attenuated androgens in long-term prophylaxis. Patients with acquired C1-INH deficiency may be resistant to replacement therapy with C1-INH plasma concentrate.
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/22179
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