A cryogenic technique for the isolation of the ligation intermediates in the association reaction between hemoglobin and carbon monoxide at 20 degrees C [Perrella, M., Davids, N., and Rossi-Bernardi, L. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 8744-8751] was used to study the effects of proton and chloride concentrations on the rates of the stepwise reactions. The reaction rate was observed to increase continuously in the course of the ligation process, yet the acceleration of the reaction after the binding of two ligand molecules, observed previously in 100 mM KCl, pH 7, was not observed at other pH values. At pH 6.3, such an acceleration occurred after the binding of three ligands, and at pH 8.5, a large acceleration was observed after the binding of the first ligand molecule. Greater CO binding to the beta chains was observed under all conditions, as in the previous study. The functional heterogeneity of the chains in the first ligation step increased with pH. The chloride concentration did not influence the distribution of the ligand between the alpha and beta chains at pH 6.3 and 8.5. At pH 7, less binding to the alpha chains was observed at 7 mM chloride with respect to 100 mM. The nature of the biliganded component isolated at pH 7 in 100 mM KCl and unresolved by the cryogenic technique was studied using a combination of cryogenic and noncryogenic isoelectric focusing. This component was a mixture of intermediates (alpha beta) (alpha CO beta CO), about 65%, and (alpha beta CO) (alpha CO beta), about 35%. The experimental data were compared with the distributions of intermediates calculated according to the Monod kinetic model assuming rapid and concerted transitions between two quaternary structures at each ligation step. The model provided a qualitative fit of the observed distributions of intermediates at acidic and neutral pH. A large discrepancy between the experimental observations and the predictions of the model was found at alkaline pH. The mechanism of the association reaction is discussed in the light of the available information on the tertiary/quaternary structures of the intermediates, as obtained from the studies of the deoxy/cyanomet model of ligation.
|Titolo:||Modulation of the association reaction between hemoglobin and carbon monoxide by proton and chloride|
PERRELLA, MICHELE (Primo)
CACCIA, SONIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Hemoglobin, carbon Monoxide, kinetics|
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-feb-1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/bi971669u|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|