The intrahelical salt bridge between E/D(3.49) and R(3.50) within the E/DRY motif on helix 3 (H3) and the interhelical hydrogen bonding between the E/DRY and residues on H6 are thought to be critical in stabilizing the class A G protein-coupled receptors in their inactive state. Removal of these interactions is expected to generate constitutively active receptors. This study examines how neutralization of E(3.49/6.30) in the thromboxane prostanoid (TP) receptor alters ligand binding, basal, and agonist-induced activity and investigates the molecular mechanisms of G protein activation. We demonstrate here that a panel of full and partial agonists showed an increase in affinity and potency for E129V and E240V mutants. Yet, even augmenting the sensitivity to detect constitutive activity (CA) with overexpression of the receptor or the G protein revealed resistance to an increase in basal activity, while retaining fully the ability to cause agonist-induced signaling. However, direct G protein activation measured through bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) indicates that these mutants more efficiently communicate and/or activate their cognate G proteins. These results suggest the existence of additional constrains governing the shift of TP receptor to its active state, together with an increase propensity of these mutants to agonist-induced signaling, corroborating their definition as superactive mutants. The particular nature of the TP receptor as somehow "resistant" to CA should be examined in the context of its pathophysiological role in the cardiovascular system. Evolutionary forces may have favored regulation mechanisms leading to low basal activity and selected against more highly active phenotypes.
Full and partial agonists of thromboxane prostanoid receptor unveil fine tuning of receptor superactive conformation and g protein activation / V. Capra, M. Busnelli, A. Perenna, M. Ambrosio, M.R. Accomazzo, C. Galés, B. Chini, G.E. Rovati. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 8:3(2013), pp. e60475.1-e60475.12.
|Titolo:||Full and partial agonists of thromboxane prostanoid receptor unveil fine tuning of receptor superactive conformation and g protein activation|
CAPRA, VALERIE CAROLINE (Primo)
BUSNELLI, MARTA (Secondo)
ROVATI, GIANENRICO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Thromboxane ; Thromboxane Prostanoid receptor ; Cardiovascular ; G Protein Coupled Receptor ; Basal Activity ; Constitutive Activity ; Receptor Mutants ; BRET ; Binding ; Inositol Phosphate|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060475|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|