This paper assesses the impact of the European Union’s Open Method of Coordination (OMC) on Italy’s institutional capability in the employment and social inclusion policy fields. Institutional capability is defined as the extent to which a system of collective action is able to elaborate «satisfying» responses to environmental challenges; transform such responses into decisions of a political nature; implement such decisions; and learn from experience. Both in employment and social inclusion, Italy has suffered from a twofold handicap: initial congruence of its policy model with that assumed under the OMC was low in both fields, and there have been internal dynamics of change which have significantly interacted with the push related to the OMC. However, the evidence provided in the paper points towards a clear strengthening of institutional capability as an OMC-induced effect in the employment field, while the OMC seems to have had little – if any – impact on institutional capability in the social assistance field. This variance is put to work in order to identify clusters of factors that have plausibly affected the impact of the OMC on Italy’s institutional capability, and could be exploited to generate general hypotheses about the impact of the OMC on national institutional capabilities.

New models of governance in the EU and Italy's institutional capability : a comparison of employment and social inclusion policies / S. Sacchi. - In: RIVISTA ITALIANA DI POLITICHE PUBBLICHE. - ISSN 1722-1137. - 2004:3(2004), pp. 5-35.

New models of governance in the EU and Italy's institutional capability : a comparison of employment and social inclusion policies

S. Sacchi
2004

Abstract

This paper assesses the impact of the European Union’s Open Method of Coordination (OMC) on Italy’s institutional capability in the employment and social inclusion policy fields. Institutional capability is defined as the extent to which a system of collective action is able to elaborate «satisfying» responses to environmental challenges; transform such responses into decisions of a political nature; implement such decisions; and learn from experience. Both in employment and social inclusion, Italy has suffered from a twofold handicap: initial congruence of its policy model with that assumed under the OMC was low in both fields, and there have been internal dynamics of change which have significantly interacted with the push related to the OMC. However, the evidence provided in the paper points towards a clear strengthening of institutional capability as an OMC-induced effect in the employment field, while the OMC seems to have had little – if any – impact on institutional capability in the social assistance field. This variance is put to work in order to identify clusters of factors that have plausibly affected the impact of the OMC on Italy’s institutional capability, and could be exploited to generate general hypotheses about the impact of the OMC on national institutional capabilities.
European Union ; Open Method of Coordination ; Institutional capabilities ; Employment ; Social inclusion
Settore SPS/04 - Scienza Politica
RIVISTA ITALIANA DI POLITICHE PUBBLICHE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/21890
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