Organic farming and horticulture require the use of more environmentally-friendly chemicals to reduce potentially harmful side-effects on producers and on consumer health. Sulphur is one of the most important natural fungicides used in organic farming to protect plants against attack by powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica). The use of natural elicitors to induce natural resistance against fungal diseases may provide an alternative to conventional treatments. In this work, we compared the effects of wettable sulphur and two elicitors (Chitoplant® and Milsana®) on the productivity and nutritional quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L cv. Belladonna). Both elicitors, and a conventional sulphur treatment resulted in a similar degree of protection against powdery mildew. One or more of these three treatments positively affected the concentrations of some natural phytochemicals in tomato fruit (e.g., ascorbic acid, quercetin trisaccharide, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, -carotene, and potassium) compared with untreated control plants.The minimal environmental impact and absence of any negative side-effects on growers and consumer health may encourage the use of these elicitors in organic farming and horticulture.

Effects of different organic anti-fungal treatments on tomato plant productively and selected nutritional components of tomato fruit / A. Ribas-Agustì, P. Bouchagier, E. Skotti, D. Erba, C. Casiraghi, C. Sarraga, M. Castellari. - In: JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1462-0316. - 88:1(2013), pp. 67-72.

Effects of different organic anti-fungal treatments on tomato plant productively and selected nutritional components of tomato fruit

D. Erba;C. Casiraghi;
2013

Abstract

Organic farming and horticulture require the use of more environmentally-friendly chemicals to reduce potentially harmful side-effects on producers and on consumer health. Sulphur is one of the most important natural fungicides used in organic farming to protect plants against attack by powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica). The use of natural elicitors to induce natural resistance against fungal diseases may provide an alternative to conventional treatments. In this work, we compared the effects of wettable sulphur and two elicitors (Chitoplant® and Milsana®) on the productivity and nutritional quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L cv. Belladonna). Both elicitors, and a conventional sulphur treatment resulted in a similar degree of protection against powdery mildew. One or more of these three treatments positively affected the concentrations of some natural phytochemicals in tomato fruit (e.g., ascorbic acid, quercetin trisaccharide, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, -carotene, and potassium) compared with untreated control plants.The minimal environmental impact and absence of any negative side-effects on growers and consumer health may encourage the use of these elicitors in organic farming and horticulture.
tomato ; milsana ; chitosan ; carotenoids ; phytochemicals : minerals ; ascorbic acid
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/215098
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