ABSTRACT Chapter i. Delbrück’s work about Indo-European syntax, especially his contribution to the analysis of Vedic syntax, is still a useful tool for those who want to deal with the study of ancient Indian syntax, with particular reference to methodological analysis of constituent order. In fact, the notions of basic and marked word order of sentences are already present in Delbrück’s perspective, along with the idea of constituent movements motivated, albeit through mechanisms of prosodic order, by the interface between syntax and information structure of the sentence. His most general law of Occasionelle Wortstellung should probably be differentiated into a set of movements of constituents, which can correspond to sentence orders functionally differentiated. However, the idea of reducing the apparent constituents order freedom of Vedic sentence to the interaction between a general basic word order and a general principle of movement determined by sentence information structure, makes Delbrück a true founder of the modern studies about sentence syntax. Chapter ii. In his famous paper of 1892, Wackernagel, who based his analyses primarily on data from Greek, came to the conclusion that a common feature of Indo-european clitics was their placement at the “second position” of the sentence. Some cases that seemed particularly clear to him were some Homeric examples where object clitics are dislocated from their governing verbs, apparently in order to obey the second position requirement. After analysing Greek clitics placement, Wackernagel turns his attention to other Indo-european languages, and about Vedic he quotes Delbrück’s analysis of Śatapathabrāhmaṇa, according to which vedic clitics approach as much as possible to the beginning of the sentence. Wackernagel’s Law is still a good approximation in descriptive terms, however subsequent studies have shown that further clarifications should be made: i) "second position" is to be understood “after the first word” or “after the first constituent”? ii) How can we explain some apparent exceptions where clitics appear still later in the sentence, also in cases where they are not separated only by other clitics from the first word of the sentence? Chapter iii. The study of the structure of correlative sentences is of great importance in the context of Indo-European syntax, since this strategy of relativization is present in all earliest attested Indo-European languages, or, at least in the archaic phases of some of them. Interestingly, the model of external-headed relative clauses is present today in Hindi, but it seems not to have ever developed in Vedic (nor in Hittite): in Vedic any expression of (explicit) relative clauses must make use of the correlative construction. Some recent theories about the syntax and the semantics of relative sentences can constitute an interesting interface stage between correlative sentences and external-headed sentences.
|Titolo:||Ricerche di sintassi vedica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Parole Chiave:||Vedic Syntax; Indo-european Syntax; Delbrück’s Vergleichende Syntax; verb movement; clitics; Wackernagel's Law; relative sentences; correlative sentences|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore L-LIN/01 - Glottologia e Linguistica|
|Citazione:||Ricerche di sintassi vedica / M. Vai. - Milano : Quasar, 2012. - ISBN 9788887193244.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||05 - Volume|