In a patient who presented with a severe coagulation deficiency in plasma contrasting with a very mild hemorrhagic diathesis a homozygous Arg671His mutation was identified in the prothrombin gene. Wildtype (factor IIa [FIIa]-WT) and mutant Arg67His thrombin (FIIa-MT67) had similar amidolytic activity. By contrast, the k(cat)/K-m value of fibrinopeptide A hydrolysis by FIIa-WT and FIIa-MT67 was equal to 2.1 X 10(7) M(-1)s(-1) and 9 x 10(5) M(-1)s(-1). Decreased activation of protein C (PC) correlated with the 33-fold decreased binding affinity for thrombomodulin (TM; K-d = 65.3 nM vs 2.1 nM, in FIIa-MT67 and in FIIa-WT, respectively). In contrast, hydrolysis of PC in the absence of TM was normal. The Arg67His mutation had a dramatic effect on the cleavage of protease-activated G protein-coupled receptor 1 (PAR-1) 38-60 peptide (k(cat)/K-m = 4 x 107 M(-1)s(-1) to 1.2 x 10(6) M(-1)s(-1)). Flia-MT67 showed a weaker platelet activating capacity, attributed to a defective PAR-1 interaction, whereas the interaction with glycoprotein Ib was normal. A drastic decrease (up to 500-fold) of the second-order rate constant pertaining to heparin cofactor 11 (HCII) interaction, especially in the presence of dermatan sulfate, was found for the FIIa-MT67 compared with FIIa-WT, suggesting a severe impairment of thrombin inhibition by HCII in vivo. Finally, the Arg67His mutation was associated with a 5-fold decrease of prothrombin activation by the factor Xa-factor Va complex, perhaps through impairment of the prothrombin-factor Va interaction. These experiments show that the Arg67His substitution affects drastically both the procoagulant and the anticoagulant functions of thrombin as well as its inhibition by HCII. The mild hemorrhagic phenotype might be explained by abnormalities that ultimately counterbalance each other
Molecular and functional characterization of a natural homozygous Arg67His mutation in the prothrombin gene of a patient with a severe procoagulant defect contrasting with a mild hemorrhagic phenotype / S. Akhavan, R. De Cristofaro, F. Peyvandi, S. Lavoretano, R. Landolfi, P.M. Mannucci. - In: BLOOD. - ISSN 0006-4971. - 100:4(2002 Aug), pp. 1347-1353.
|Titolo:||Molecular and functional characterization of a natural homozygous Arg67His mutation in the prothrombin gene of a patient with a severe procoagulant defect contrasting with a mild hemorrhagic phenotype|
MANNUCCI, PIER MANNUCCIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2002-01-0243|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|